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Virus (Latin) - Poison, poisonous substance
31 terms share this root
Adenovirus

"A toxic substance" that is med for commonly infecting "glandular" tissues.

  • Aden (Greek) - Gland
  • Virus (Latin) - Poison, poisonous substance
  • Nonenveloped, doublestranded
  • Commonly causes pink eye in children
  • Spread largely in daycares
  • Me derived from originally being isolated from the adenoids
  • Arenavirus

    A "poisonous substance" med for its grainy resemblance to "sand" under the microscope.

    • Arena (Latin) - Sand
    • Virus (Latin) - Poison, poisonous substance
  • Single stranded negative sense R virus in 2 segments
  • Includes lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus and Lassa fever encephalitis
  • Are viruses acquire ribosomes from the host cells that they come from, covering their capsid. This leads to their grainy, sand like appearance.
  • Calicivirus

    A "poisonous substance" that sometimes has recognizable "cup" shaped depressions on its surface.

    • Calic (Latin) - Cup
    • Virus (Latin) - Poison, poisonous substance
  • Norovirus is part of this family
  • Family of nonenveloped, single stranded, positive sense, linear R
  • Coltivirus

    A "poisonous substance" or infectious agent med for causing Colorado Tick Fever, hence ColTi.

    • Virus (Latin) - Poison, poisonous substance
  • Reoviridae, Colorado tick fever, genus of viruses belonging to the Reoviridae family that can infect vertebrates, invertebrates, and plants and is the causative agent of Colorado tick fever.
  • It is carried by rodents and transmitted to humans via ticks, mostly affecting hikers and campers of the Rocky Mountains causing Colorado tick fever (fever, muscle pain, eye pain, photophobia, and headache).
  • Coronavirus

    A "poisonous substance" whose capsid appearance resembles a "crown".

    • Corona (Latin) - Crown
    • Virus (Latin) - Poison, poisonous substance
  • Positivesense R virus, SARS, cause of common cold
  • Enveloped virus with positivesense R genome with a helical nucleocapsid. in the family Coronaviridae
  • Primarily infect the upper respirator and gastrointestinal tract of mammals and birds
  • Frequent cause of common cold in the winter and early spring seasons.
  • Cytomegalo virus

    A "large" "poisonous substance" infecting "cells" .

    • Cytos (Greek) - Cell, A Hollow, Receptacle, Vessel
    • Megalo (Greek) - Great, large
    • Virus (Latin) - Poison, poisonous substance
  • Owleyed inclusion bodies
  • CMV retinitis
  • TORCH
  • DsD
  • Herpesviridae family
  • Ganciclovir
  • A double stranded D virus that is part of the Herpesviridae family and is characterized by owl eyed inclusion bodies under a microscope. It mainly affects pregnant and immunocompromised individuals. It is a member of the TORCH infections. CMV is treated with ganciclovir.

  • Mnemonics
    ToRCHeS
    Teratogens: placenta-crossing organisms
    Toxoplasma, Rubella, CMV, Herpes simplex, Herpes zoster (varicella), Hepatitis B,C,E, Syphilis
    TORCH infections burn the baby
    Infections that Cross the Placental Barrier
    Toxoplasma, Other (syphilis, varicella, parvovirus b19), Rubella, Cytomegalovirus, and Herpes
    Cytomegalovirus Inclusion Disease

    A “lack of ease” caused by a “poisonous substance” or virus producing lesions of “large” “cells” with “shut in” nuclei

    • Cytos (Greek) - Cell, A Hollow, Receptacle, Vessel
    • Megalo (Greek) - Great, large
    • Virus (Latin) - Poison, poisonous substance
    • Includere (Latin) - Shut in
    • Desaise (Old French) - Lack of Ease
  • CMV can cause acute infections of the eye and brain, and may be passed from mother to fetus
  • Delta Virus

    The "fourth" discovered "toxic substance" to infect the liver.

    • Delta (Greek) - The fourth letter of the greek alphabet
    • Virus (Latin) - Poison, poisonous substance
  • A circular, enveloped R virus that is associated with Hepatitis B. HepD is a virus only capable of infecting cells already infected with HepB, as it requires the HepB virus to produce a virulent capsid.
  • HepD is med for being the fourth discovered hepatitis virus
  • DNA Viruses

    A group of viruses that have a D genome.

    • Virus (Latin) - Poison, poisonous substance
  • Major types include Papovavirus, Parvovirus, Herpesvirus, Poxvirus, and Adenovirus.
  • Enterovirus

    "A poisonous substance" found in the "intestinal" tract of humans.

    • Enteron (Greek) - Intestine, Small intestint, Piece of Gut, Bowel
    • Virus (Latin) - Poison, poisonous substance
  • Enterovirus
  • R
  • Single stranded
  • Picornaviridae
  • Filovirus

    A "toxic substance" that causes a variety of hemorrhagic diseases.

    • Filum (Latin) - Thread
    • Virus (Latin) - Poison, poisonous substance
  • Enveloped, negative singlestranded R virus family
  • Includes Ebola virus and Marburg virus
  • Ebola virus Named after the Ebola River in the Congo
  • Flavivirus

    Organism containing 'poison' responsible for (amongst other diseases) "yellow" fever, which caused jaundice in patients

    • Flavus (New Latin) - Yellow
    • Virus (Latin) - Poison, poisonous substance
  • Enveloped, positive singlestranded R virus family
  • Includes Hepatitis C Virus, West Nile Virus, Yellow Fever Virus, and Dengue Virus
  • Hepadnavirus

    A "toxic substance" with "DNA" genetic material that infects the "liver."

    • Hepatos (Greek) - Liver
    • Virus (Latin) - Poison, poisonous substance
  • Enveloped
  • Icosahedral
  • Double-stranded, partially circular DNA
  • May be chronic or acute
  • Transmitted primarily sexually
  • The name is derived literally from this class being a DNA virus that infects the liver, hence Hepa-DNA virus. A quick and easy way to remember the genetic material within these viruses.
  • Herpes virus

    "Poisonous substance" that causes vesicles to "creep" from site of infection

    • Herpes (Laitn) - Creeping, Spreading
    • Virus (Latin) - Poison, poisonous substance
  • Enveloped icosahedral D virus
  • Doublestranded, linear D
  • HSV1
  • HSV2
  • VZV
  • EBV
  • CMV
  • HHV6
  • HHV7
  • HHV8

  • Mnemonics
    ToRCHeS
    Teratogens: placenta-crossing organisms
    Toxoplasma, Rubella, CMV, Herpes simplex, Herpes zoster (varicella), Hepatitis B,C,E, Syphilis
    TORCH infections burn the baby
    Infections that Cross the Placental Barrier
    Toxoplasma, Other (syphilis, varicella, parvovirus b19), Rubella, Cytomegalovirus, and Herpes
    HHV5 Cytomegalovirus

    A common virus that is asymptomatic in nearly 90% of patients.

    • Cytos (Greek) - Cell, A Hollow, Receptacle, Vessel
    • Megalo (Greek) - Great, large
    • Virus (Latin) - Poison, poisonous substance
  • CMV is the most common opportunistic viral pathogen in AIDS. CMV mononucleosis is clinically similar to infectious mononucleosis, but is heterophilnegative. Can cross the placenta to cause congenital CMV infection. Infection is followed by latency in salivary glands, endothelium, macrophages and lymphocytes. Reactivation is linked to reduced host resistance.
  • Spread by saliva, sexual transmission and transplacental transmission.
  • Influenza Virus

    A highly contagious orthomyxovirus

  • Segmented genome
  • Undergoes reassortment
  • Hemagglutinin
  • Neuraminidase
  • Risk for bacterial superinfection
  • Genetic shifts cause pandemics
  • Affects the respiratory tract
  • Norovirus

    A "poisonous substance" med after "Norwalk," Ohio where an outbreak occurred.

    • Nor (Early English) - From Norwalk, Ohio where an outbreak of gastroenteritis occurred from which the virus was isolated
    • Nor (English) - Normal
    • Virus (Latin) - Poison, poisonous substance
  • Calici virus
  • Profuse watery diarrhea and vomiting
  • Cruise ships
  • Day care centers
  • Originally called the Norwalk agent after Norwalk, Ohio where the Bronson Elementary School faced an outbreak of acute gastroenteritis in children in November 1968. The virus is also called small, roundstructured viruses (SRSVs) and Snow Mountain virus. Norovirus causes illness referred to as winter vomiting disease, winter vomiting bug, viral gastroenteritis, acute nonbacterial gastroenteritis, and stomach flu though the latter is a broad term. Prevented by hand washing and avoiding buffets on cruises.
  • Orthomyxovirus

    This virus, "poisonous substance," has a linear "straight" negative sense R as genetic material. It causes the flu with symptoms such as "mucus", fever, and body aches.

    • Orthos (Greek) - Straight, correct
    • Myxa (Greek) - Mucus
    • Virus (Latin) - Poison, poisonous substance
  • The segments of this virus allows for reassortment that is responsible for its seasonal resistance
  • Segmented negativesense R virus
  • Papillomavirus

    A "poisonous substance" that is capable of infecting humans that cause "nipple"like wart lesions.

    • Papilla (Latin) - Nipple
    • Oma (Greek) - Morbid growth, mass, tumor
    • Virus (Latin) - Poison, poisonous substance
    Parainfluenza Virus

    A "poisonous substance" that is "similar" to the "influenza" virus.

    • Para (Greek) - Along, side, beside, near, against, contrary to
    • Influentia (Latin) - Influence
    • Virus (Latin) - Poison, poisonous substance
  • Singlestranded R virus belonging to the family of paramyxovirus family
  • Principle cause of croup, or laryngotracheobronchitis
  • Paramyxovirus

    A "toxic substance" whose infection occurs "along" with "mucus" production.

    • Para (Greek) - Along, side, beside, near, against, contrary to
    • Myxa (Greek) - Mucus
    • Virus (Latin) - Poison, poisonous substance
  • Includes viruses outside of orthomyxoviridae which causes Influenza, such as measles, mumps and Ebola virus
  • Parvovirus

    A "small" sized "poisonous substance"

    • Parvus (Latin) - Small
    • Virus (Latin) - Poison, poisonous substance
  • Smallest, linear, singlestranded family of viruses
  • Fifth's disease, slappedcheek disease, aplastic anemia, Erythema infectiosum

  • Mnemonics
    3 B's
    B19 Virus at risk groups
    Babies (5th disease, infectiousum erythematosa), Black Bleeders (sickle cell anemics - anaplastic anemic crisis), Bearing Babies [pregnant women] (hydrops fetalis)
    Picornavirus

    "A poisonous substance" med because it's very "small" and contains an "R" genome.

    • Pico (Spanish) - Small
    • RNA (English) - Ribonucleic Acid
    • Virus (Latin) - Poison, poisonous substance
  • Contains Poliovirus, Echovirus, Rhinovirus, Coxsackievirus, and Hepatitis A
  • No envelope
  • Mostly fecaloral transmission
  • Rhinovirus is acid labile the rest are enteroviruses that are stable at low pH
  • Med for their small size as they are Pico (10^12) R viruses
  • Polyomavirus

    "Poisonous substance" that can cause "many" types of "tumors"

    • Polloi (Greek) - Many
    • Oma (Greek) - Morbid growth, mass, tumor
    • Virus (Latin) - Poison, poisonous substance
  • Family of potentially oncogenic, double stranded D viruses with a circular genome
  • Several found to infect humans, most notably JC and BK viruses
  • JC Virus PML (progressive multifocal encephalopathy that is an AIDS defining illness)
  • BK Virus Kidney transplant infection (immunosuppressed transplant patients susceptible)
  • Respiratory infections seen in immunocompromised patients, such as HIV
  • Poxvirus

    "Poisonous substances" that causes fluidfilled "swellings".

    • Pox (Middle English) - Swell up
    • Virus (Latin) - Poison, poisonous substance
  • This family of viruses includes small pox, vaccinia virus and molluscum contagium virus.
  • Rabies Virus

    Virus that is a "poisonous substance" that commonly causes the infected "to be mad or rave"

    • Rabere (Latin) - To be mad, rave
    • Virus (Latin) - Poison, poisonous substance
  • Negative stranded R virus, transmitted by animal bite
  • Has a long incubation period, and the infection is fatal once active
  • Negri bodies can be seen inside affected cells
  • Infected individuals can become hydrophobic
  • Known virus since 2000 BC. Not uncommon for those bitten by a dog to commit suicide or to be killed by others as a cautionary measure. Vaccine created by Louis Pasteur
  • Retrovirus

    A "poisonous substance" whose genome is "reversetranscribed" from R to D.

    • Retro (Latin) - Backward, behind
    • Virus (Latin) - Poison, poisonous substance
  • Incorporates D into host genome
  • HIV is the most well known of these viruses
  • Rhinovirus

    A "poisonous substance" commonly found in cold places, such as the "nose".

    • Rhino (Greek) - Nose
    • Virus (Latin) - Poison, poisonous substance
  • Causes the common cold
  • The virus is med so due to its optimal temperature for function being the temperature found inside the nose
  • RNA Virus

    Infectious agents that contain RNA as their genetic material

    • RNA (English) - Ribonucleic Acid
    • Virus (Latin) - Poison, poisonous substance
    Rotavirus

    A "wheelshaped" "poisonous substance" made up of double stranded R virus that causes severe cases of diarrhea in children

    • Rotatore (Latin) - To rotate, wheel
    • Virus (Latin) - Poison, poisonous substance
  • Commonly seen in children
  • Commonly referred to as the Right out the Ass virus because it causes severe diarrhea
  • The name comes from it being literally a wheel shaped virus under the microscope
  • Togavirus

    A family of "covered" or enveloped "toxic substances".

    • Toga (Latin) - To cover
    • Virus (Latin) - Poison, poisonous substance
  • Positivesense, singlestranded, linear viruses
  • Contains Rubella and the equine encephalitis viruses
  • Rubella is part of the live vaccine MMR but not part of the viral family Paramyxoviridae
  • MEDYMOLOGY