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Trophe (Greek) - Food, Nourishment
19 terms share this root

A disease in which there is an accumulation of very long chain fatty acids in the "white" matter of the CNS and inside the organ "near" the "kidneys" adrenal cortex, leading to "bad" "nourishment" of the tissue.

  • Ad (Latin) - Near, At, To Add On
  • Renes (Latin) - Kidneys
  • Leukos (Greek) - White, clear
  • Dys (Greek) - Bad, Ill, Abnormal, Evil
  • Trophe (Greek) - Food, Nourishment
  • Peroxisomal beta oxidation problem
  • Xlinked
  • Adrenal insufficiency
  • Progressive demyelination leading to vegetative state
  • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

    A condition in which the "muscle" becomes "without" "nourishment" and atrophied leading to stiffening or "hardening" of the body. med for the "sides" because the weakness begins in your limbs before moving more central.

    • A (Greek) - Not, Without
    • Mus (Greek) - Muscle, mouse
    • Trophe (Greek) - Food, Nourishment
    • Latus (Latin) - The side
    • Skleroun (Greek) - To Harden
  • An upper and lower motor neuron disease in which the person ultimately loses the ability to control their muscles leading to atrophy, paralysis, and ultimate death
  • Differentiated from multiple sclerosis by the fact that there is no loss of sensation
  • Characterized by spasticity, muscle weakness, dysphagia and problems breathing
  • Most common cause of death is respiratory failure due to ability to contract the diaphragm or pneumonia.
  • Known more commonly as Lou Gehrig's Disease because of its history of debilitating and ultimately leading to the death of hall of fame baseball player Lou Gehrig.
  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

    A neurodegenerative condition infecting neural tracts that run down the "side" of the spinal cord and causing them to "harden"; this leaves the "muscles" that the nerves innervate "without" "nourishment".

  • Also known as Lou Gehrig's disease
  • Usually starts at the limbs
  • Treat with riluzole
  • Atrophic gastritis

    Chronic "inflammation" of the "stomach" that leads to destruction of the glandular tissue causing it to seem to be "without" "nourishment".

    • A (Greek) - Not, Without
    • Trophe (Greek) - Food, Nourishment
    • Gaster (Greek) - Stomach, belly, eater, devourer
    • Itis (Greek) - Inflammation, pertaining to disease
  • Decrease in gastric hydrochloric acid, pepsin and intrinsic factor
  • Causes a vitamin B12 deficiency leading to megaloblastic anemia
  • It can be caused by persistent infection with Helicobacter pylori (type B), or can be autoimmune (Type A). Those with the autoimmune version of atrophic gastritis are statistically more likely to develop gastric carcinoma, Hashimoto's thyroiditis, and achlorhydria.
  • Atrophy

    "Without" "food or nourishment".

    • A (Greek) - Not, Without
    • Trophe (Greek) - Food, Nourishment
  • Pathologic reasons include: decreased physical workload, loss of innervation, decreased blood supply, adequate nutrition, absent endocrine stimulation, aging, pressure
  • Cytotrophoblast

    A "germ" "cell" of the placenta that "consumes" nutrients from blood for fetus.

    • Cytos (Greek) - Cell, A Hollow, Receptacle, Vessel
    • Trophe (Greek) - Food, Nourishment
    • Blastos (Greek) - Germ, sprout, bud or budding, immature
  • Inner layer
  • Trophoblast
  • The inner layer of the trophoblast in an embryonic placenta that gives rise to the syncytiotrophoblast that make up the outer layer.
  • Dystrophic calcification

    The process by which damaged, necrotic, or degenerative tissue becomes "chalk" like as a result of "bad nourishment" of tissues with calcium.

    • Dys (Greek) - Bad, Ill, Abnormal, Evil
    • Trophe (Greek) - Food, Nourishment
    • Calx (Greek) - Chalk, limestone
  • This is a reaction to damage and there does not need to be an elevated blood calcium for it to occur.
  • Epitelial atrophy

    "Upper" Layers of skin degenerate

    • Epi (English) - Above, Upon
    • Thele (Greek) - Nipple, teat
    • A (Greek) - Not, Without
    • Trophe (Greek) - Food, Nourishment
    Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy

    "Disease" of "excess heart muscle."

    • Hyper (Greek) - Over, beyond, excess
    • Trophe (Greek) - Food, Nourishment
    • Kardia (Greek) - Heart
    • My (Greek) - Muscle
    • Pathos (Greek) - Suffering, disease, feeling
  • Most cases are autosomal dominant
  • Also seen in Friedreich's ataxia, Pompe disease
  • Causes a S4 and systolic murmur on the left sternal border that increases with valsalva and standing
  • Cause of sudden death in young athletes
  • Concentric hypertrophy of left ventricle with myofibrillar disarray and fibrosis
  • Hypertrophic osteoarthropathy

    A "disease" which causes "over" "nourishment" and enlargement of the "joints" and "bones".

    • Hyper (Greek) - Over, beyond, excess
    • Trophe (Greek) - Food, Nourishment
    • Osteon (Greek) - Bone
    • Arthron (Greek) - Pertaining to the Joint
    • Pathos (Greek) - Suffering, disease, feeling
  • A syndrome of clubbing of the digits, periostitis of the long (tubular) bones, and arthritis
  • Hippocrates first described digital clubbing 2500 years ago, hence the use of the term Hippocratic fingers
  • Hypertrophy

    Growth of tissues due to “excess” “nourishment” of cells

    • Hyper (Greek) - Over, beyond, excess
    • Trophe (Greek) - Food, Nourishment
  • Seen in congenital pyloric stenosis, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, peptic ulcer disease (hypertrophy of Brunner glands), Menetrier disease (gastric hypertrophy), Gardener syndrome (congenital hypertrophy of retinal pigment epithelium), weight training (hypertrophy of muscle), asthma (hypertrophy of smooth muscle)
  • Hypogonadotropic hypogonadism

    A condition which is characterized by an "less" than normal secretion of hormones that allow for "nourishment" of sexual "seeds" by the pituitary gland in the brain; this decrease in secretion leads to decreased sex steroids and libido

    • Hypo (Greek) - Under, beneath, less
    • Gone (Greek) - Generation, seed
    • Trophe (Greek) - Food, Nourishment
  • Decrease in folliclestimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH)
  • Characterized by low levels of testosterone and LH
  • Kallmann syndrome
  • Metachromatic leukodystrophy

    Lysosomal storage disease that affects "white" "colored" myelin due to lack of "nourishment" which leads to "improper" "formation".

    • Meta (English) - Beyond, in the midst of
    • Khroma (Greek) - Color, complexion character
    • Leukos (Greek) - White, clear
    • Dys (Greek) - Bad, Ill, Abnormal, Evil
    • Trophe (Greek) - Food, Nourishment
  • Autosomal recessive condition due to defective arylsulfatase
  • Results in accumulation of cerebroside sulfate causing central and peripheral demyelination
  • With ataxia and dementia
  • Muscular dystrophy

    Group of muscular disorders in which dystrophin, the protein that anchors sarcomeres to the cell membrane, is damaged. "Muscles" show "poor" "nourishment".

    • Musculus (Latin) - Little mouse [the shape and movement of some muscles were thought to resemble mice]
    • Dys (Greek) - Bad, Ill, Abnormal, Evil
    • Trophe (Greek) - Food, Nourishment
  • Gower maneuver
  • Pseudohypertrophy
  • Fatty calf muscle
  • Longest known human gene
  • Osteodystrophy

    "Abnormal" growth of "bones" usually due to poor "nourishment" to the bones due to renal disease.

    • Osteon (Greek) - Bone
    • Dys (Greek) - Bad, Ill, Abnormal, Evil
    • Trophe (Greek) - Food, Nourishment
  • Usually due to renal diseases or imbalances of calcium or phosphorus
  • Peripheral lipodystrophy (side effect of protease inhibitors used as ant

    A condition in which there is "bad" "nourishment" of the "fat" "around the body" including the limbs of the upper trunk and face, causing fat wasting.

    • Peripheria (Greek) - Circumference, outer surface, line round a circular body
    • Lipos (Greek) - Fat
    • Dys (Greek) - Bad, Ill, Abnormal, Evil
    • Trophe (Greek) - Food, Nourishment
  • Commonly presents with fat loss in the face, arms, legs, and lower back
  • Also commonly presents with fat accumulation in the upper back (the socalled "buffalo hump")
  • Renal osteodystrophy

    "Bad or abnormal" "nourishment" of the "bones" caused by chronic "kidney" disease

    • Renes (Latin) - Kidneys
    • Osteon (Greek) - Bone
    • Dys (Greek) - Bad, Ill, Abnormal, Evil
    • Trophe (Greek) - Food, Nourishment
  • Chronic kidney disease leads to decreased secretion of phosphate, which activates PTH which leads to bone resorption by osteoclasts
  • Also known as chronic kidney disease mineral and bone disorder
  • Syncytiotrophoblast

    A type of "budding" "cell" found within the placenta that is involved in "nourishment" of the developing fetus.

    • Syn (Greek) - With, together
    • Trophe (Greek) - Food, Nourishment
    • Blastos (Greek) - Germ, sprout, bud or budding, immature
  • Syncytial layer prevents maternal immune cells from reaching embryo
  • Trophozoite

    A stage in the lifecycle of a growing parasite that acquires "food and nourishment" from the host "animal" in which it is living.

    • Trophe (Greek) - Food, Nourishment
    • Zoon (Greek) - Animal
  • Plasmodium is a common infectious agent that has a trophozoite stage
  • Trophozoite undergoes schizogony, which coincides with the release of merozoite, the Plasmodium form that infects red blood cells