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Thele (Greek) - Nipple, teat
15 terms share this root
Endothelium

The "inner" most layer of flat cells that lines blood vessels and lymphatic vessels.

  • Endon (Greek) - Within, Inside, Interl
  • Thele (Greek) - Nipple, teat
  • Blood vessels
  • Lymphatics
  • Inner layer
  • Flat cells
  • Epitelial atrophy

    "Upper" Layers of skin degenerate

    • Epi (English) - Above, Upon
    • Thele (Greek) - Nipple, teat
    • A (Greek) - Not, Without
    • Trophe (Greek) - Food, Nourishment
    Epithelial dysplasia

    “Abnormal” “molding” of the “above” surface layer of tissue

    • Epi (English) - Above, Upon
    • Thele (Greek) - Nipple, teat
    • Dys (Greek) - Bad, Ill, Abnormal, Evil
    • Plasis (Greek) - Molding, Formation
  • A histological description of epithelial cells that are abnormal in appearance, especially in proliferation and differentiation
  • May be clinically described by leukoplakia or erythroplakia
  • Epithelial hyperkeratosis

    A “condition” in which “excess” material that also makes up animal “horns” in is made in the “above” surface layer of tissue

    • Epi (English) - Above, Upon
    • Thele (Greek) - Nipple, teat
    • Hyper (Greek) - Over, beyond, excess
    • Keras (Greek) - Horn
    • Osis (Greek) - A condition, disease
  • Thickening of the stratum corneum layer with an increased production of keratin that can be benign or due to friction
  • Benign frictional hyperkeratosis
  • Epithelial hyperplasia

    An “excess” “formation” of the “above” surface layer of tissue

    • Epi (English) - Above, Upon
    • Thele (Greek) - Nipple, teat
    • Hyper (Greek) - Over, beyond, excess
    • Plasis (Greek) - Molding, Formation
  • A thickening of the epithelium due to an increased formation of epithelial cells
  • Epithelial necrosis

    A “condition” in which there is “death” in the “above” surface layer of tissue

    • Epi (English) - Above, Upon
    • Thele (Greek) - Nipple, teat
    • Necro (Greek) - Dead Body
    • Osis (Greek) - A condition, disease
  • Death of epithelial cells that may be due to infection of hypoxia
  • Epithelium

    Tissue that lines "above" and surrounds body cavities and surfaces.

    • Epi (English) - Above, Upon
    • Thele (Greek) - Nipple, teat
  • Cells undergo a high turnover rate, leading to them being affected greatly by chemotherapy drugs due to their work on cell lines that procreate extensively (like cancer).
  • Mesothelioma

    Malignant "growth" of "chest" pleura associated with asbestosis

    • Mesos (Greek) - Middle, in the middle, in between
    • Thele (Greek) - Nipple, teat
    • Oma (Greek) - Morbid growth, mass, tumor
  • Can lead to hemorrhagic pleural effusions and pleural thickening
  • Psammoma bodies
  • Even with asbestos exposure, patients are at greater risk of bronchogenic carcinoma
  • Olfactory epithelium

    Specialized cells found "upon" the superior sal cavity responsible for "smell."

    • Olfacere (Latin) - To smell
    • Epi (English) - Above, Upon
    • Thele (Greek) - Nipple, teat
  • Derived from surface ectoderm
  • Pseudoepitheliomatous hyperplasia

    An "excess" "formation" of growth "upon" the epithelium that appears as a "fake" "tumor"

    • Pseudein (Greek) - To deceive, cheat by lies, fake
    • Epi (English) - Above, Upon
    • Thele (Greek) - Nipple, teat
    • Oma (Greek) - Morbid growth, mass, tumor
    • Hyper (Greek) - Over, beyond, excess
    • Plasis (Greek) - Molding, Formation
  • A benign nonspecific reactive hyperplasia of stratified mucocutaneous epithelium
  • Observed in chronic inflammatory dermatoses and over some dermal neoplasms and nevi
  • Microscopically, resembles welldifferentiated squamous cell carcinoma
  • Psuedoepitheliomatous hyperplasia

    "Overformation" (hyperplasia) of epithelial cells, which "deceptively" resembles squamous cell carcinoma

    • Pseudein (Greek) - To deceive, cheat by lies, fake
    • Epi (English) - Above, Upon
    • Thele (Greek) - Nipple, teat
    • Oma (Greek) - Morbid growth, mass, tumor
    • Hyper (Greek) - Over, beyond, excess
    • Plasis (Greek) - Molding, Formation
  • This type of hyperplasia results from chronic inflammation and resembles squamous cell carcinoma on histology however, there is no cellular dysplasia
  • Subepithelial deposits

    Substances "put down" "below" the tissue that sits "on top" of organs,

    • Sub (Latin) - Under, below, beneath, at the foot of
    • Epi (English) - Above, Upon
    • Thele (Greek) - Nipple, teat
  • Deposits found under the epithelial, often in reference to deposits in the glomerulus found in nephritic syndromes like poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis and nephrotic syndromes like membranous nephropathy
  • Visualized on electron microscopy
  • 'spike and dome' appearance
  • Membranous nephropathy
  • Poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis
  • Sulcular epithelium

    A “trench” that forms around teeth made of the “above” surface layer of tissue

    • Sulcus (Latin) - Furrow, trench, ditch, wrinkle
    • Epi (English) - Above, Upon
    • Thele (Greek) - Nipple, teat
  • Nonkeratinized tissue that forms the epithelial layer of the gingival sulcus surrounding each tooth
  • Thelarche

    Secondary "breast" development marking the "beginning" of female puberty

    • Thele (Greek) - Nipple, teat
    • Arkhe (Latin) - Beginning, first of
  • Also referred to as breast bud
  • Polythelia

    The presence of "many" "nipples", or more literally, an extra nipple.

  • Polythelia is not to be confused with polymastia, which is the presence of supernumerary mammary gland
  • MEDYMOLOGY