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Stenos (Greek) - Narrow
3 terms share this root
Aortic stenosis

A "condition" in which the valve separating the left ventricle, from the "artery which springs from the heart" (aortic valve) becomes "narrow" and hardened.

  • Aorte (Greek) - The arteries springing from the heart, What is hung up
  • Stenos (Greek) - Narrow
  • Osis (Greek) - A condition, disease
  • Causes a visible throbbing in the carotid on physical exam
  • Holosystolic blowing murmur heard at the upper left sternal border
  • Occurs due to congenital bicuspid valve, old age related calcification or after chronic rheumatic heart disease (mitral valve stenosis is most common)

  • Mnemonics
    Aortic Stenosis makes me SAD
    3 Major Symptoms of Aortic Stenosis
    Syncope, Angina, Dyspnea
    Aqueductal stenosis

    A "condition" in which there is a "growing" of the cell that "leads or conducts" "water" or cerebrosis fluid from the 3rd to the 4th ventricle of the brain.

    • Aqua (Latin) - Water
    • Ductus (Latin) - A Leading, Conducting, or Aqueduct
    • Stenos (Greek) - Narrow
    • Osis (Greek) - A condition, disease
  • Blockage of the aqueduct of Sylvius can lead to hydrocephalus, specifically as a common cause of congenital and/or obstructive hydrocephalus
  • Symptoms include: headache, nausea and vomiting, cognitive difficulty, sleepiness, seizures, balance and gait disturbances, visual abnormalities, and incontinence
  • Stenosis

    A "condition" which results in the "growing" inward or narrowing of a lumen.

    • Stenos (Greek) - Narrow
    • Osis (Greek) - A condition, disease
  • Stenosis is most often caused by atherosclerosis but can also be caused by calcification, inflammation, ischemia, or neoplasm
  • Stenosis of certain blood vessels can result in turbulent blood flow, causing murmurs, such as a carotid artery bruit or renal artery bruit
  • Spinal stenosis can lead to neurological issues in extremities depending on the level of the spine