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Sarx (Latin) - Flesh, Meat
16 terms share this root
Angiosarcoma

A malignant "mass or growth" of "flesh", usually in the form of endothelial cells, and of "blood vessels".

  • Angeion (Greek) - A vessel, receptacle
  • Sarx (Latin) - Flesh, Meat
  • Oma (Greek) - Morbid growth, mass, tumor
  • Vinyl Chloride exposure leads to angiosarcoma of the liver and is often times fatal.
  • Due to their direct position within the blood vessel itself, this type of cancer leads to early metastasis beyond its original site of growth.
  • Chondrosarcoma

    A malignant "tumor" of "cartilage" cells that can occur in different parts of the skeleton.

    • Chondros (Greek) - Cartilage
    • Sarx (Latin) - Flesh, Meat
    • Oma (Greek) - Morbid growth, mass, tumor
  • Cancer, tumor, cartilage, axial skeleton, hip bones, spine, rib cage, older people
  • Chondrosarcoma is the second most common type of bone cancer. Sarcoma refers to origin in mesenchymal tissue.
  • Chrondrosarcoma

    A malignant "fleshy" "mass" composed of "cartilage".

    • Chondros (Greek) - Cartilage
    • Sarx (Latin) - Flesh, Meat
    • Oma (Greek) - Morbid growth, mass, tumor
  • Increased risk in Ollier's disease and Paget's disease
  • Ewing sarcoma

    Painful, malignant small round blue cell neuroectodermal tumor found in bone or soft tissue

    • Sarx (Latin) - Flesh, Meat
    • Oma (Greek) - Morbid growth, mass, tumor
  • Usually in teenagers and young adults
  • Periosteal reaction
  • Onion skin lesion on xray
  • Commonly found in diaphysis of femur
  • Most due to t(11:22)
  • First described by James Ewing
  • Fibrosarcoma

    Malignant mesenchymal "tumor" in the "flesh" and originates in "fibrous" tissue of the bone.

    • Fibra (Latin) - A fiber, filament, entrail
    • Sarx (Latin) - Flesh, Meat
    • Oma (Greek) - Morbid growth, mass, tumor
  • Softtissue tumor or bone tumor common around knee and femur
  • Kaposi sarcoma

    A tumor caused by human herpesvirus 8 is a systemic disease that can present with cutaneous lesions with or without internal involvement.

    • Sarx (Latin) - Flesh, Meat
    • Oma (Greek) - Morbid growth, mass, tumor
  • It was originally described by Moritz Kaposi, a Hungarian dermatologist practicing at the University of Vienna in 1872. It became more widely known as one of the AIDSdefining illnesses in the 1980s. The viral cause for this cancer was discovered in 1994.
  • Leiomyosarcoma

    A malignant "tumor" in the "flesh" or "smooth" "muscle."

    • Leios (Greek) - Smooth
    • Mus (Greek) - Muscle, mouse
    • Sarx (Latin) - Flesh, Meat
    • Oma (Greek) - Morbid growth, mass, tumor
  • Not well defined
  • Hemorrhagic look on cross section
  • Liposarcoma

    A malignant tumor of the "fatty" "flesh".

    • Lipos (Greek) - Fat
    • Sarx (Latin) - Flesh, Meat
    • Oma (Greek) - Morbid growth, mass, tumor
    Lymphangiosarcoma

    A "tumor" in the "flesh" of the "clear water" "vessels."

    • Lympha (Latin) - Water, clear water, a goddess of water
    • Angeion (Greek) - A vessel, receptacle
    • Sarx (Latin) - Flesh, Meat
    • Oma (Greek) - Morbid growth, mass, tumor
    Osteosarcoma

    Malignant "tumor" of the "bone" "flesh."

    • Osteon (Greek) - Bone
    • Sarx (Latin) - Flesh, Meat
    • Oma (Greek) - Morbid growth, mass, tumor
  • Commonly occurs in the metaphysis region of the bones
  • Rhabdomyosarcoma

    A "morbid growth or mass" composed of "wand or rod shaped" skeletal muscle.

    • Rhabdos (Greek) - Wand, rod
    • Mus (Greek) - Muscle, mouse
    • Sarx (Latin) - Flesh, Meat
    • Oma (Greek) - Morbid growth, mass, tumor
  • Sarcoma botryoides is a vaginal rhabdomyosarcoma that affects young girls.
  • The word mus meaning mouse came from the notion that muscles looked like mice under the skin.
  • Sarcoid Sialadenitis

    "Inflammation" of "salivary" "glands," causing them to have a "fishy" texture

    • Sarx (Latin) - Flesh, Meat
    • Sialon (Greek) - Saliva
    • Aden (Greek) - Gland
    • Itis (Greek) - Inflammation, pertaining to disease
  • Affects both major and/or minor glands
  • Parotid glands enlarged in 1020% of patients
  • Bilateral, firm, painless enlargements, causing xerostomia
  • May cause dyspnea and chest discomfort
  • Sarcoidosis

    A "state of disease" affecting the "fleshlike" organs in the body, such as the lungs

    • Sarx (Latin) - Flesh, Meat
    • Eidos (Greek) - Form, Resemblance or Shape, Likeness
    • Osis (Greek) - A condition, disease
  • A disease characterized by autoimmune inflammatory granules seen in a multitude of organs, most notably in hilum of the lungs
  • Causes hypercalcemia
  • Seen classically in African American women
  • Mimics the symptoms a TB infection

  • Mnemonics
    S. A. R. C. O. I. D
    Symptoms of Sarcoidosis
    Skin (Erythema Nodosum). Arthritis. Respiratory (Hilar Lymphadenopathy). Cardiac (Heart Block, Failure). Optic (Uveitis). Intracranial (Meningitis and neuropathy). Derangement of Liver and Kidneys
    Sarcoma

    A harmful "tumor" of the connective or "fleshy tissue"

    • Sarx (Latin) - Flesh, Meat
    • Oma (Greek) - Morbid growth, mass, tumor
  • A cancer of mesenchymal origin
  • Sarcomas tend to spread through the blood.
  • Sarcoma botryoides

    A "cluster" of "fleshlike" "tumors"

    • Sarx (Latin) - Flesh, Meat
    • Botry (Greek) - Cluster of grapes
    • Oides (Greek) - From, like
  • A type of cancer derived from skeletal muscle tissue in the nasopharynx and common bile duct
  • Sarcoplasmic reticulum

    A "network" of membranous organelles that "forms" in the "flesh" of the body (i.e.: muscle cells)

    • Sarx (Latin) - Flesh, Meat
    • Plasm (Greek) - Mold, shape
    • Reticulum (Latin) - Littlle net, network like structure
  • A special type of smooth endoplasmic reticulum within muscle cells responsible for storing calcium. Upon excitation of the muscle, the calcium is released in order to strengthen the muscle contraction
  • MEDYMOLOGY