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Phagein (Greek) - To eat, eater of
11 terms share this root
Autophagy

The process by which a cell "eats" its "own self".

  • Auto (Greek) - Self, one's own
  • Phagein (Greek) - To eat, eater of
  • Cell degradation of unnecessary or dysfunctional cellular parts via lysosomes
  • Breakdown of cellular components promotes cellular survival during starvation by maintaining cellular energy levels
  • Barrett esophagus

    The replacement of lower esophageal mucosa composed of striated squamous epithelium with nonciliated columnar epithelium with goblet cells.

    • Infer (Latin) - To bring, Carry down
    • Phagein (Greek) - To eat, eater of
  • Occurs as a result of constant exposure of the esophagus to the acidic content of the stomach
  • Seen in 10% of patients with GERD
  • Due to acidic stress
  • May progress to dysplasia and adenocarcinoma
  • Comes from the amalgamation of two Greek words, oesophagus meaning what carries and eats.
  • Dysphagia

    "Bad eating", difficulty or pain during swallowing.

    • Dys (Greek) - Bad, Ill, Abnormal, Evil
    • Phagein (Greek) - To eat, eater of
    Granulocyte macrophage colonystimulating factor

    A cytokine secreted by immune cells to stimulate myeloid precursor differentiation into granulocytes and monocytes

    • Granum (Latin) - Grain, seed
    • Cytos (Greek) - Cell, A Hollow, Receptacle, Vessel
    • Colonia (Latin) - Settlement
    • Makros (Greek) - Large, large to scale
    • Phagein (Greek) - To eat, eater of
    • Stimulat (Latin) - Urged
    • Facere (Latin) - To do, To make
  • Treatment for aplastic anemia
  • Macrophage

    Cells found in tissues that "eat" cellular debris and pathogens. These cells are "larger" than most cells.

    • Makros (Greek) - Large, large to scale
    • Phagein (Greek) - To eat, eater of
  • Hosts for M. tuberculosis, Leishmania, Brucella, HIV, and adenovirus
  • Predominant cells involved in atherosclerosis
  • They are produced by differentiation of monocytes.
  • Odynophagia

    "Pain" upon "eating" or swallowing.

  • Associated with many conditions, some of which include pharyngitis, ulcers, epiglottitis, and cancer.
  • Pagophagia

    A form of pica in which a person "eats" "frost" or excessive ice.

  • Associated with irondeficiency anemia due to an unknown mechanism
  • Hypothesized that the ice can numb the tongue in irondeficiency associated glossitis
  • Phagocyte

    A cell that "eats" extracellular material.

    • Phagein (Greek) - To eat, eater of
    • Cytos (Greek) - Cell, A Hollow, Receptacle, Vessel
  • A cell which is capable of engulfing/ingesting other molecules/cells.
  • Neutrophils, macrophages, monocytes, dendritic cells, and mast cells are phagocytes and are involved in the immune response
  • Antigen presenting cells phagocytose in order to present antigen to the immune system.
  • Phagocytosis

    The process by which a "cell" "eats" extracellular material.

    • Phagein (Greek) - To eat, eater of
    • Cytos (Greek) - Cell, A Hollow, Receptacle, Vessel
  • The process by which phagocytes engulf cells, foreign bodies, bacteria, etc.
  • Opsonins facilitate phagocytosis
  • Entamoeba histolytica phagocytizes red blood cells.
  • Phagosome

    A "body" formed within a cell after "eating" a molecule or another cell.

  • An intracellular body formed after phagocytosis of something external to the phagocyte.
  • Usually combines with lysosomes for destruction and/or processing
  • Impaired phagolysosome formation in ChediakHigashi syndrome.
  • Polyphagia

    Abnormally increased appetite or hunger. "To eat" "many" more times than baseline.

  • Can be seen in atypical depression, diabetic ketoacidosis, and PraderWilli Syndrome among other conditions
  • MEDYMOLOGY