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Myo (Greek) - Muscle
12 terms share this root
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

A neurodegenerative condition infecting neural tracts that run down the "side" of the spinal cord and causing them to "harden"; this leaves the "muscles" that the nerves innervate "without" "nourishment".

  • Also known as Lou Gehrig's disease
  • Usually starts at the limbs
  • Treat with riluzole
  • Angiomyolipoma

    A "mass or growth" made of "muscle", "fat" and "blood vessels".

    • Angeion (Greek) - A vessel, receptacle
    • Myo (Greek) - Muscle
    • Lipos (Greek) - Fat
    • Oma (Greek) - Morbid growth, mass, tumor
  • Most common benign tumor of the kidney
  • Associated heavily with Tuberous Sclerosis
  • Fibromyalgia

    CNS disorder involving chronic "muscle" "pain", fatigue, and joint "fiber" stiffness.

    • Fibra (Latin) - A fiber, filament, entrail
    • Myo (Greek) - Muscle
    • Algein (Greek) - To feel pain
  • Common in depression or anxiety disorders
  • More common in women
  • 1990 paper by Dr. Wolfe defined diagnostic guidelines
  • Inclusion body myositis

    An "inflammation" of the distal "muscles" characterized by protein deposits causing the appearance of "bodies" "shut in" within the cell..

    • Includere (Latin) - Shut in
    • Bodig (Old English) - Trunk, chest
    • Myo (Greek) - Muscle
    • Itis (Greek) - Inflammation, pertaining to disease
  • Often confused with polymyositis (however, polymyositis has a course of weeks to months and responds to steroids)
  • Leiomyoma

    A benign "tumor" in "smooth" "muscle."

    • Leios (Greek) - Smooth
    • Myo (Greek) - Muscle
    • Oma (Greek) - Morbid growth, mass, tumor
  • A uterine fibroid is a leiomyoma of the uterus
  • White whorled masses
  • Well defined
  • Myocardial infarction

    When the vessels feeding the "muscles" of the "heart" become "stuffed" or closed off.

  • Blockage of the coronary arteries that leads to a dramatic decrease in blood flow to the heart tissue, inducing ischemia
  • Characterized as STEMI (ST Elevated myocardial infarction) or nonstemi, the former of which is a medical emergency requiring immediate intervention
  • Vegetations within the heart or ruptured plaques may clog the coronary arteries.
  • Myocarditis

    "Inflammatory" disease of "cardiac" "muscle". It has numerous causes and may result in heart failure.

    • Myo (Greek) - Muscle
    • Kardia (Greek) - Heart
    • Itis (Greek) - Inflammation, pertaining to disease
  • Diphtheria
  • Coxsackie B
  • Rheumatic fever
  • Cause of death in acute rheumatic fever

  • Medytoons

    Brief, uncontrolled "muscle" "turmoil" caused by a contraction, twitch, or jerk.

  • Asterixis
  • Rel failure
  • Liver failure
  • CNS disorder
  • Myofibroblasts

    Cell that mediates "fibers" "going forth" and aiding wound healing in "muscle".

    • Myo (Greek) - Muscle
    • Fibra (Latin) - A fiber, filament, entrail
    • Blaestin (Old English) - To blow, belch forth
  • Proliferative phase, secondary intention
  • Myopathy

    "Abnormal" "muscle" function.

    • Myo (Greek) - Muscle
    • Pathos (Greek) - Suffering, disease, feeling

    The "destruction" of damaged "rod"like "muscle" fibers.

    • Rhabdos (Greek) - Wand, rod
    • Myo (Greek) - Muscle
    • Lysis (Greek) - Destruction, A loosening, setting free, releasing, dissolution
  • Serious side effect of statins and fibrates
  • Myoglobin will increase in the bloodstream
  • Myoglobin can appear in the urine as a symptom
  • Can be caused by trauma/injury, blood clots, metabolic abnormalities, hyperthermia, infection, and certain drugs
  • Leads to muscle loss and pain, and breakdown products of muscles can harm the kidneys and lead to kidney failure.
  • Adenomyosis

    A "condition" characterized by the presence of ectopic "glandular" tissue (endometrium) in the surrounding "muscle" (myometrium)

    • Adeno (Greek) - Gland
    • Myo (Greek) - Muscle
    • Osis (Greek) - A condition, disease
  • Basically a gynecologic condition where the endometrium is present in the myometrium of the uterus. - Endometrial tissue outside the uterus is called endometriosis - The myometrium is the thick, muscular layer of the uterus - The endometrium is the inner lining of the uterus