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Mykes (Greek) - Fungus, mushroom, anything shaped like a mushroom
11 terms share this root
Actinomycosis

A "ray"like "fungus" infection

  • Aktis (Greek) - Ray
  • Mykes (Greek) - Fungus, mushroom, anything shaped like a mushroom
  • Actinomyces Israeli identified histologically by “ray”like hyphae
  • Characterized by sulfur granules, “lumpy jaw”, and fibrotic nodules
  • Cervicofacial actinomycosis

    A "disease" of the "neck" and "face" caused by a "fungus."

    • Cervix (Latin) - The Neck, pe of the Neck
    • Facialis (Latin) - Of the face
    • Aktis (Greek) - Ray
    • Mykes (Greek) - Fungus, mushroom, anything shaped like a mushroom
    • Osis (Greek) - A condition, disease
  • Actinomyces, abscess, sinus tract, sulfur granules, penicillin G (treatment)
  • Characterized by abscess formation, draining sinus tracts, fistulae, and tissue fibrosis due to a branching grampositive bacteria belonging to Actinomycetales.
  • Actinomyces are normal constituents of oral flora residing within gingival crevices and tonsillar crypts
  • Coccidioidomycosis

    A flulike "condition" or "disease" caused by a type of "fungus" or "mushroom," that resembles small "berries" under a microscope. The bug got its me due to its ability to exist in "two" different "ways", saprophytic (obtaining nutrients) and parasitic.

    • Kokkos (Greek) - Berry
    • Di (Greek) - Two, Double, Twice
    • Hodos (Greek) - Way
    • Mykes (Greek) - Fungus, mushroom, anything shaped like a mushroom
    • Osis (Greek) - A condition, disease
  • Aka Valley Fever, aka California Fever, aka desert rheumatism, aka San Joaquin Valley Fever
  • Chronic lung infection
  • Disseminated infection
  • Spores of C. immitis are swept into air by disruption of soil (construction, farming, earthquake) and are inhaled by humans
  • Cause flu like symptoms, rash, muscle/joint pain, rare chronic lung infection and disseminated disease (especially in HIV positive patients)
  • C. immitis is reported as the 10th most commonly acquired infection in the laboratory with two documented deaths, thus laboratory staff require special precautions while handling it. Since this is the most virulent fungal pathogen, it should never be grown in culture except under very controlled conditions.
  • Mycobacterium Leprae

    "Bacteria" that can lead to "scaly" "mushroom" shaped growths on skin.

    • Mykes (Greek) - Fungus, mushroom, anything shaped like a mushroom
    • Bakteria (Greek) - Staff, cane, Small stuff
    • Lepros (Greek) - Scaly
  • Acid fast bacillus that likes cold temperatures and cannot be grown in vitro
  • Armadillos
  • Has two forms: lepromatous form, tuberculoid form
  • Glove and stocking loss of sensation
  • Mycobacterium Tuberculosis

    Acid fast bacillus producing classical symptoms such as fever, night sweats, weight loss, excess "mucus", and hemoptysis. Can lead to a "lump" in lung with "tuberculosis".

    • Mykes (Greek) - Fungus, mushroom, anything shaped like a mushroom
    • Tuber (Latin) - Lump, bump, swelling
  • Caseating granuloma in upper lung lobes
  • Pott's disease
  • Meningitis at base of brain
  • Miliary TB

  • MedyQuestion
    • A 33 year old incarcerated man with medical history significant for asthma is brought to the prison physician for complaint of ongoing productive cough. The patient reports that over the last few weeks, he has been coughing vigorously and bringing up green sputum, often times tinged with blood. On further investigation, the patient also discloses that he has lost 10 lbs in the last few weeks since the coughing began, and that he has occasionally been waking up drenched in sweat. Physical exam is significant for productive cough, and rhonchi appreciated over the left lung field. What type of lesion and where is most likely to be present on X-ray of this patient's lung?

    USMLE Step 1

    Mycolic Acid

    Fatty acids found in the cell wall of bacteria and "mushrooms" belonging to the mycobacterium genus.

    • Mykes (Greek) - Fungus, mushroom, anything shaped like a mushroom
  • These chains have a unique structure that produces cording a distinct morphology
  • Mycology

    The study of fungi such as "mushrooms".

    • Mykes (Greek) - Fungus, mushroom, anything shaped like a mushroom
    • Logy - Branch of knowledge, Study of
  • Eukaryotic
  • Ergosterol containing membranes
  • Mycoplasma pneumoniae

    Walking "pneumonia" that can "remold" the lungs causing "inflammation" and nonproductive cough.

    • Mykes (Greek) - Fungus, mushroom, anything shaped like a mushroom
    • Plassein (Greek) - To mold or form
    • Pneumon (Greek) - Lung
  • No cell wall
  • Fried egg colony
  • IgM cold agglutinins
  • Smallest freeliving bacterium
  • Mycosis fungoides

    "Condition" of nonHodgkin lymphoma of mature CD4 cells, presents with "malformed" "mushroom" "fungi" shaped rashes, patches, and nodules. Called Sezary syndrome after spread to blood.

    • Mykes (Greek) - Fungus, mushroom, anything shaped like a mushroom
    • Osis (Greek) - A condition, disease
    • Fungus (Latin) - Mushroom
    • Eidos (Greek) - Form, Resemblance or Shape, Likeness
  • Lymphocytes with cerebriform nuclei
  • Pautrier's microabscess in the epidermis
  • Additional cause of leonine facies
  • Mycotic

    A "condition" that is caused by a "fungus".

    • Mykes (Greek) - Fungus, mushroom, anything shaped like a mushroom
    • Osis (Greek) - A condition, disease
  • Generally classified as systemic or cutaneous. Different regions are higher risk for certain fungal pathogens. Generally treat local infections with azoles, and systemic infection with Amphotericin B.
  • Mycotic aneurysm

    "Dilation" of an artery due to damage of the vessel wall by "fungal" (or nonfungal) infection

    • Mykes (Greek) - Fungus, mushroom, anything shaped like a mushroom
    • Aneurysmos (Greek) - Dilation
  • - The term "mycotic" referring to fungal is a misnomer because many organisms, mainly bacterial, can cause the aneurysm. - At the time, the term "mycotic" was applied to any infection by bacteria or fungus, so the true definition is "infected" aneurysm
  • MEDYMOLOGY