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Mastos (Greek) - Breast
4 terms share this root
Inflammatory breast carcinoma

A rare and aggressive "cancer" of the breast that leads to inflammation: redness, swelling, tenderness, and warmth

  • Peau d'orange
  • Cancer cells block lymph vessels in the skin of the breast,
  • Mastoid air cells

    A network of "breast shaped" sinus cavities in the temporal bone that communicate with the middle ear.

    • Mastos (Greek) - Breast
    • Air (Old French) - Atmosphere, breeze, weather
    • Cytos (Greek) - Cell, A Hollow, Receptacle, Vessel
  • Derived from the first branchial pouch
  • Polymastia

    A condition of having too "many" "breasts"

  • Don't fall into the sensationalist trap that this disease results in women with three apparent breasts. Ectopic breast tissue can occur in either men and women and is not limited to the upper chest nor is it always visually apparent upon inspection
  • More common in males
  • Necessary breasts may or may not contain a nipple or areolae
  • This is not high yield for the boards
  • Sternocleidomastoid

    Muscle of the "breast, clavicle, and breastlike process (behind the ear)" that is response for turning the head contralaterally.

    • Sternon (Latin) - Breast
    • Cleido (Latin) - Clavicle
    • Mastos (Greek) - Breast
    • Eidos (Greek) - Form, Resemblance or Shape, Likeness
  • A muscle that turns the head to the contralateral side.
  • Innervated by the spinal accessory nerve (CN 11)
  • Often hypertrophied in congenital torticollis.