Term Successfully Added to Selected Deck
Unable to Add the term to selected Deck. Please try again later!
Lympha (Latin) - Water, clear water, a goddess of water
21 terms share this root
Acute lymphoblastic leukemia

A "sharp" or quickly onset "mass" of "budding" or immature "white" blood cells in the "blood". The sharp onset does not refer to the time of onset, but the time within the cell development, in this case, even more immature cells.

  • Acuere (Latin) - To Sharpen, sharply onset
  • Lympha (Latin) - Water, clear water, a goddess of water
  • Blastos (Greek) - Germ, sprout, bud or budding, immature
  • Leukos (Greek) - White, clear
  • Haima (Greek) - Blood
  • Leukemia seen more in children under 15 that involves an overproductions of either B or T lymphoblast (>20 % in bone marrow)
  • TdT positive
  • BALL is CD10+, CD19+, CD20+
  • BALL requires prophylactic chemotherapy to the scrotum and CSF
  • TALL is CD10 and presents as a thymic mass in teenagers
  • Increased incidence in Down Syndrome
  • Can be seen with the Philadelphia chromosome mutation
  • Acute lymphonodular pharyngitis

    A "sharp" or fast onset of "inflammation" involving "knot"like spots and "watery" discharge in the “throat” and tonsillar area

    • Acuere (Latin) - To Sharpen, sharply onset
    • Lympha (Latin) - Water, clear water, a goddess of water
    • Nodulus (Latin) - A small knot
    • Pharynx (Greek) - Throat, windpipe
    • Itis (Greek) - Inflammation, pertaining to disease
  • Caused by Coxsackie A virus, especially in children
  • Other manifestations of infections include herpangina and hand, foot and mouth disease
  • Adult tcell lymphoma

    A "mass" of an immune cell line that lives in the "clear liquid" of the body, that primarily arises in adults, or those who have "grown to maturity".

    • Adolescere (Latin) - To Grow to Maturity
    • Cytos (Greek) - Cell, A Hollow, Receptacle, Vessel
    • Lympha (Latin) - Water, clear water, a goddess of water
    • Oma (Greek) - Morbid growth, mass, tumor
  • Commonly associated with EBV virus or HTL Virus
  • Burkitt's Lymphoma

    Cancer of the "watery" lymphatic system that creates a "tumor" full of Bcells

    • Lympha (Latin) - Water, clear water, a goddess of water
    • Oma (Greek) - Morbid growth, mass, tumor
  • CD20+
  • Associated with EBV virus
  • Jaw lesion in endemic African form, abdominal lesion in sporadic form starry sky appearance on microscopy, t(8, 14) translocation where cmyc protooncogene translocate to chromosome 14.
  • Think of all of the B's
  • Burkitt's lymphoma involves B cells and the African type is associated with the EpsteinBarr Virus
  • Cytotoxic Tlymphocyte

    A type of T cell that "kills" other infected cells, and resides in "waterlike" lymphatic system (lymph is clear fluid), derived from the "thymus".

    • Cytos (Greek) - Cell, A Hollow, Receptacle, Vessel
    • Toxikon (Greek) - Poison
    • Thumos (Greek) - Excrescence like a thyme bud, thymus gland
    • Lympha (Latin) - Water, clear water, a goddess of water
  • Killer Tcell
  • CD8+
  • Perforin
  • Granzymes
  • A subset of T lymphocytes that express CD8 receptors and directly kills infected cells via the release of perforin and granzymes.

  • Mnemonics
    Never Let Monkeys Eat Bananas
    The concentrations of the various immune cell types
    Neutrophils (the most), Lymphocytes, Monocytes, Erythrocytes, Basophils (least)
    Diffuse large bcell lymphoma

    A "wide" or big "mass" of "B" cells that inhabit the "clear water" of the body.

    • Diffuse (Latin) - To Pour Out or Away
    • Large (Old French) - Broad, wide; generous, bounteous
    • Beta (Greek) - The me of the second letter of the Greek alphabet, Indicator of the second
    • Cytos (Greek) - Cell, A Hollow, Receptacle, Vessel
    • Lympha (Latin) - Water, clear water, a goddess of water
    • Oma (Greek) - Morbid growth, mass, tumor
  • A cancer of B cells, a type of white blood cell responsible for producing antibodies
  • Characterized by lymphocytes with round nuclei and fine chromatin
  • The cells are basophilic and lymphoblastic.
  • Diffuse large Bcell lymphoma it is the most common type of nonHodgkin lymphoma among adults
  • Follicular lymphoma

    A "mass" of cells usually found in the "clear" liquid of the blood found within "little bags" of the lymph nodes

    • Folliculus (Latin) - Little bag
    • Lympha (Latin) - Water, clear water, a goddess of water
    • Oma (Greek) - Morbid growth, mass, tumor
  • Bcl2 overexpression
  • May present as painless lymphadenopathy
  • Helper Tlymphocyte

    Subtype of T "cells" that live within the "clear water" of the body, that "support" the stimulation of antibody class switching in B cells and activating cytotoxic T cells. They are produced by the "thymus gland".

    • Helpan (Old English) - To support
    • Thumos (Greek) - Excrescence like a thyme bud, thymus gland
    • Lympha (Latin) - Water, clear water, a goddess of water
    • Cytos (Greek) - Cell, A Hollow, Receptacle, Vessel
  • Th1 helper Tcells activate macrophages
  • Th1 cells secrete IL2 and IFNgamma
  • Th2 helper Tcells recruit eosinophils for parasite defense and promote IgE Bcell production
  • Th2 cells secrete IL4, IL5, IL10, IL13

  • Mnemonics
    Never Let Monkeys Eat Bananas
    The concentrations of the various immune cell types
    Neutrophils (the most), Lymphocytes, Monocytes, Erythrocytes, Basophils (least)
    Hodgkin lymphoma

    Lymph node tumor localized to a single group of nodes

    • Lympha (Latin) - Water, clear water, a goddess of water
    • Oma (Greek) - Morbid growth, mass, tumor
  • Characterized by ReedSternberg cells
  • Presents in a bimodal distribution
  • Associated with EBV
  • Symptoms include the classic B signs of lowgrade fever, night sweats, and weight loss
  • Hodgkin's lymphoma was discovered by Thomas Hodgkin while he was a museum curator at a hospital.
  • Lymph node

    A "knot" of "clear water".

    • Lympha (Latin) - Water, clear water, a goddess of water
    • Nodus (Latin) - Knot
  • Germinal centers contain B cells, biopsy to check for malignant tumors and leukemia, become palpable in lymphadenopathy
  • Lymphadenopathy

    A "disease" or condition of the "clear water" "gland".

    • Lympha (Latin) - Water, clear water, a goddess of water
  • Disease of the lymph nodes that refers to the state in which lymph nodes are swollen or enlarged, commonly due to infection or malignant tumors.
  • Infectious mononucleosis, cat scratch disease, tularemia, brucellosis, diphtheria, Hodgkin lymphoma, nonHodgkin lymphoma, Virchow's node
  • Lymphangiosarcoma

    A "tumor" in the "flesh" of the "clear water" "vessels."

    • Lympha (Latin) - Water, clear water, a goddess of water
    • Angeion (Greek) - A vessel, receptacle
    • Sarx (Latin) - Flesh, Meat
    • Oma (Greek) - Morbid growth, mass, tumor
    Lymphedema

    "Swelling" of the "clear water" system of the body.

    • Lympha (Latin) - Water, clear water, a goddess of water
    • Oidema (Greek) - Swelling
  • Lymphedema results from obstruction of the lymphatic system, which prevents interstitial fluid from returning to the lymph and ultimately the bloodstream
  • Lymphedema may be inherited or acquired, most commonly from lymph node dissection, surgery, radiation or diseases that damage the lymphatic system
  • Filariasis (a parasitic infection) is a common cause of lymphedema in developing countries
  • Lymphocyte

    A "Clear water" "cell" med for living primarily within the "clear water" system of the body, mely B and T cells.

    • Lympha (Latin) - Water, clear water, a goddess of water
    • Cytos (Greek) - Cell, A Hollow, Receptacle, Vessel
  • Count commonly increased in viral infections, chronic intracellular bacterial infections, protozoal infections, leukemia, and lymphoma
  • Count commonly decreased in recent infection (e.g. common cold), HIV infection (primarily T cells),corticosteroid use, malnutrition, lupus, and sarcoidosis.

  • Mnemonics
    Never Let Monkeys Eat Bananas!
    % Concentrations of the Types of White Blood Cells
    Neutrophils (65%). Lymphocytes (25%). Monocytes (6%). Eosinophils (3%). Basophils (1%)
    Never Let Monkeys Eat Bananas
    The concentrations of the various immune cell types
    Neutrophils (the most), Lymphocytes, Monocytes, Erythrocytes, Basophils (least)
    Lymphocytic

    Having to do with "cells" found in the "clear" fluid within the body.

    • Lympha (Latin) - Water, clear water, a goddess of water
    • Cytos (Greek) - Cell, A Hollow, Receptacle, Vessel
  • Lymphocytic predominance in serum indicates viral infection or leukemia (CLL or ALL)
  • Lymphocytic predominance in CSF points to viral meningitis
  • Lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus

    "Poisonous substance" that causes an "inflammation" of the "membranes" surrounding the brain and spinal cord; a diagnostic marker is an increased amount of "cells" found in the "clear" part of the blood

    • Lympha (Latin) - Water, clear water, a goddess of water
    • Cytos (Greek) - Cell, A Hollow, Receptacle, Vessel
    • Khorion (Greek) - Membrane enclosing the fetus, afterbirth
    • Meninx (Greek) - Membrane
    • Itis (Greek) - Inflammation, pertaining to disease
  • Rodentborne viral infectious disease caused by Lymphocytic Choriomeningitis Virus (LCMV)
  • LCMV is a spherical, enveloped negative strand R virus, member of Arenaviridae
  • This condition presents as aseptic meningitis, encephalitis, or meningoencephalitis
  • It is transmitted to humans by inhaling aerosolized particles of feces, urine, or saliva of the house mouse (Mus musculus) or by ingesting contaminated food
  • Lymphoma

    A ""tumor or mass" of the "cells" that live in the "clear water" system of the body, namely B and T cells.

    • Lympha (Latin) - Water, clear water, a goddess of water
    • Oma (Greek) - Morbid growth, mass, tumor
  • The two main categories of lymphomas are Hodgkin's and non Hodgkin's lymphoma.
  • Lymphopenia

    A "deficiency" of cells that exist within the "clear water" system of the body, mely B and T cells.

    • Lympha (Latin) - Water, clear water, a goddess of water
    • Penia (Latin) - Deficiency, a lack
  • Common after recent infection (e.g. common cold), HIV infection (primarily T cells), corticosteroid use, malnutrition, lupus, sarcoidosis, physical exercise, and rheumatoid arthritis
  • Mantle cell lymphoma

    A rare subtype of Bcell lymphoma. Appears as "loose" "chamber" of "water".

    • Mantle (Old English) - Loose, sleeveless cloak
    • Cytos (Greek) - Cell, A Hollow, Receptacle, Vessel
    • Lympha (Latin) - Water, clear water, a goddess of water
  • CD5 positive, t(11:14) that results in overexpression of cyclin D1
  • Nonhodgkin lymphoma

    Cancer and "tumors" med after Dr. Thomas Hodgkin. Multiple types of Bcell and Tcell clonal tumors, associated with infections and immunosuppression.

    • Lympha (Latin) - Water, clear water, a goddess of water
    • Oma (Greek) - Morbid growth, mass, tumor
  • Unlike Hodgkin's Lymphoma, NonHodgkin's is not associated with the presence of ReedSternberg cells
  • Testicular lymphoma

    "Tumor" of the "testicles" of lymphatic cell origin.

    • Testis (Latin) - A witness, testicle
    • Lympha (Latin) - Water, clear water, a goddess of water
    • Oma (Greek) - Morbid growth, mass, tumor
  • Klinefelter syndrome and cryptorchidism are risk factors
  • MEDYMOLOGY