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Lipos (Greek) - Fat
14 terms share this root

An autosomal recessive disorder that interferes with fat and fatsoluble vitamins from food due to a condition of being "without" the "Beta" apolipoproteins or molecules made of "fat" and "protein" in the "blood".

  • A (Greek) - Not, Without
  • Beta (Greek) - The me of the second letter of the Greek alphabet, Indicator of the second
  • Lipos (Greek) - Fat
  • Protein (English) - A compound composed of amino acids
  • Haima (Greek) - Blood
  • It can be easily confused with familiar dysbetalipoproteinemia, patients will show fat soluble vitamin deficiencies (A, E, D, and K), many of the symptoms are attributable to vitamin E deficiencies, foul smelling fatty diarrhea, symptoms appear in the first few months of life and can manifest as failure to thrive, acanthocytosis, and progressive blindness due to retinol (vitamin A) deficiency
  • Angiomyolipoma

    A "mass or growth" made of "muscle", "fat" and "blood vessels".

    • Angeion (Greek) - A vessel, receptacle
    • Myo (Greek) - Muscle
    • Lipos (Greek) - Fat
    • Oma (Greek) - Morbid growth, mass, tumor
  • Most common benign tumor of the kidney
  • Associated heavily with Tuberous Sclerosis
  • Anticardiolipin

    Antibodies directed "against" the "fat" within the "heart", a part of the inner mitochondrial membrane.

    • Anti (Greek) - Against, opposite, opposed to
    • Kardia (Greek) - Heart
    • Lipos (Greek) - Fat
  • Found in several diseases, including syphilis, antiphospholipid syndrome, livedoid vasculitis, vertebrobasilar insufficiency, Behçet's syndrome, idiopathic spontaneous abortion, and systemic lupus erythematosus(SLE).
  • Apolipoprotein

    Proteins that bind "fat" soluble molecules to form compounds in order to transport fat through the lymph and circulatory system.

    • Apo (Greek) - From, away from
    • Lipos (Greek) - Fat
    • Proteios (Greek) - The first wuality
  • Apolipoproteins also serve as enzyme cofactors, receptor ligands, and lipid transfer carriers that regulate the metabolism of lipoproteins and their uptake in tissues
  • Lipase

    A "fat" cleaving "enzyme".

  • Acute pancreatitis
  • Lipofuscin

    "Dark" colored "fat" within older cells.

  • Wear and tear pigment associated with aging
  • Commonly yellow colored
  • Seen mostly within the liver, kidney and heart
  • Lipoid nephrosis

    A "kidney" "disease" with the "likeness" of "fat."

    • Lipos (Greek) - Fat
    • Eidos (Greek) - Form, Resemblance or Shape, Likeness
    • Nephros (Greek) - Kidney
    • Osis (Greek) - A condition, disease
  • Also known as minimal change disease
  • Most common in young children
  • Causes edema in feet and legs and proteinuria
  • May see fats in the blood in order to thicken it due to decreased oncotic pressure with protein loss
  • Treat with corticosteroids
  • This disease is med because of the elevated fat levels in the blood. The liver makes more fat to dump into circulation to increase the oncotic pressure lost via proteinuria.
  • Lipoma

    A "tumor or mass" of "fat."

    • Lipos (Greek) - Fat
    • Oma (Greek) - Morbid growth, mass, tumor

    Molecules composed of "many" "fats" and "sugars."

  • Endotoxin, septic shock
  • Liposarcoma

    A malignant tumor of the "fatty" "flesh".

    • Lipos (Greek) - Fat
    • Sarx (Latin) - Flesh, Meat
    • Oma (Greek) - Morbid growth, mass, tumor
    Lipoteichoic Acid

    A "wall" made of "fat."

  • A fat component found within the cell walls of gram negative bacteria
  • Lipoxygenase

    An "enzyme" involved in metabolism of "fat" using oxygen to do so.

    • Lipos (Greek) - Fat
    • Oxys (Greek) - Sharp
    • Ase (English) - Used to form the me of enzymes
  • Zileuton is a 5lipoxygese pathway inhibitor that treats asthma
  • Peripheral lipodystrophy (side effect of protease inhibitors used as ant

    A condition in which there is "bad" "nourishment" of the "fat" "around the body" including the limbs of the upper trunk and face, causing fat wasting.

    • Peripheria (Greek) - Circumference, outer surface, line round a circular body
    • Lipos (Greek) - Fat
    • Dys (Greek) - Bad, Ill, Abnormal, Evil
    • Trophe (Greek) - Food, Nourishment
  • Commonly presents with fat loss in the face, arms, legs, and lower back
  • Also commonly presents with fat accumulation in the upper back (the socalled "buffalo hump")
  • Phospholipid

    A biochemical molecule that contains a hydrophilic phosphate head and hydrophobic "fatty" acid chain tails. Phosphate gets it's me as "bringer of light" because it was discovered emitting light when exposed to oxygen.

  • Major component of cell membranes
  • Forms the lipid bilayer
  • Phospholipids are mobile, not fixed, in membranes