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Latus (Latin) - The side
12 terms share this root
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

A condition in which the "muscle" becomes "without" "nourishment" and atrophied leading to stiffening or "hardening" of the body. med for the "sides" because the weakness begins in your limbs before moving more central.

  • A (Greek) - Not, Without
  • Mus (Greek) - Muscle, mouse
  • Trophe (Greek) - Food, Nourishment
  • Latus (Latin) - The side
  • Skleroun (Greek) - To Harden
  • An upper and lower motor neuron disease in which the person ultimately loses the ability to control their muscles leading to atrophy, paralysis, and ultimate death
  • Differentiated from multiple sclerosis by the fact that there is no loss of sensation
  • Characterized by spasticity, muscle weakness, dysphagia and problems breathing
  • Most common cause of death is respiratory failure due to ability to contract the diaphragm or pneumonia.
  • Known more commonly as Lou Gehrig's Disease because of its history of debilitating and ultimately leading to the death of hall of fame baseball player Lou Gehrig.
  • Ipsilateral

    On the same "side" of the body as "itself."

    Lateral cord

    This is a division of the brachial plexus consisting of spinal nerves C5, C6, and C7. This cord is "lateral" compared to the other cords of the brachial plexus.

    • Latus (Latin) - The side
    • Khorde (Greek) - Gut, string of a musical instrument
  • The lateral cord gives rise to the lateral pectoral nerve, the musculocutaneous nerve, and part of the median nerve.
  • Lateral cricoarytenoid

    This muscle extend from the lateral cricoid cartilage to the muscular process of the arytenoid cartilage. The muscle is shaped like a "ring" and works in the area of the "windpipe."

    • Latus (Latin) - The side
    • Krikos (Greek) - Ring, circle
    • Arteria (Greek) - Windpipe, artery
    • Eidos (Greek) - Form, Resemblance or Shape, Likeness
  • These muscles adduct the vocal cords and thereby close the rima glottidis, protecting the airway.
  • Lateral cuneiform bone

    This "wedgeshaped" bone occupies the center of the front row of the tarsal bones, between the intermediate cuneiform medially, the cuboid "laterally, the navicular posteriorly and the third metatarsal in front.

    • Latus (Latin) - The side
    • Cuneus (Latin) - Wedge, WedShaped Stone, Area
    • Ban (Old English) - Bone, tusk
  • It is intermediate in size between the other two cuneiform bones of the foot.
  • Lateral pectoral nerve

    The "side" "cord" in the "breast"

    • Latus (Latin) - The side
    • Pectus (Latin) - Breast
    • Nervus (Latin) - Sinew, tendon; cord, bowstring
  • Innervates pectoralis major
  • Lateral plantar nerve

    The "side" "cord" in the "sole of the foot."

    • Latus (Latin) - The side
    • Planta (Latin) - Sole of the foot
    • Nervus (Latin) - Sinew, tendon; cord, bowstring
  • Similar course as the ulnar nerve in the hand
  • Innervates sole, abductor digiti minimi muscle
  • Lateral pterygoid

    Muscle on the "side" of the face "resembling" a "wing."

    • Latus (Latin) - The side
    • Pteryx (Greek) - Wing
    • Eidos (Greek) - Form, Resemblance or Shape, Likeness
  • Depresses mandible, protrude mandible, side to side movement of mandible
  • Lateral pterygoid nerve

    A "side" "cord" in the face "resembling" a "wing."

    • Latus (Latin) - The side
    • Pteryx (Greek) - Wing
    • Eidos (Greek) - Form, Resemblance or Shape, Likeness
    • Nervus (Latin) - Sinew, tendon; cord, bowstring
  • Innervates pterygoideus externus
  • Lateral rectus

    Muscle of the eyeball that moves it "straight" to the "side"

    Rectus capitus lateralis

    The "straight" muscle to "the side" of the "head".

  • Minor muscle
  • Weak lateral flexion of head. C1/C2 nerve innervation
  • Superior lateral cutaneous nerve of arm

    Nerve that supplies the "skin" of the "upper" "outer" area of the arm and right under the shoulder

    • Superior (Latin) - Higher, Above
    • Latus (Latin) - The side
    • Cutis (Latin) - Skin
    • Nervus (Latin) - Sinew, tendon; cord, bowstring
  • Originates from axillary nerve