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Kustis (Greek) - Bladder, atomical pouch or sac
39 terms share this root
Baker cyst

A "pouch" of synovial joint fluid med after English surgeon William Morrant Baker found behind the knee.

  • Kustis (Greek) - Bladder, atomical pouch or sac
  • Usually arise from knee arthritis or cartilage tear. Baker's cysts can also be associated with Lyme disease
  • Med after the surgeon who first described it, William Morrant Baker
  • Also known as a popliteal cyst due to its location on the back posterior aspect of the knee.
  • Blastocyst

    A "pouch"like structure formed in early development with an inner "budding" cell mass that makes the embryo and an outer layer (trophoblast) that gives rise to the placenta.

    • Blastos (Greek) - Germ, sprout, bud or budding, immature
    • Kustis (Greek) - Bladder, atomical pouch or sac
  • Blastocyst begins to form 5 days after fertilization
  • Cholecystectomy

    Surgical procedure in which the gall"bladder" is "cut" "out".

    • Khole (Greek) - Bile
    • Kustis (Greek) - Bladder, atomical pouch or sac
    • Ek (Greek) - Out
    • Temnein (Greek) - To cut
  • Surgical removal, usually laparoscopic, of the gallbladder, a common treatment of symptomatic gallstones and other gallbladder conditions.
  • 2nd most common procedure done in the US today, first discovered by Carl Langenbuch
  • Cholecystokinin

    A peptide hormone that stimulates "movement" of "bile" from the gall"bladder".

    • Khole (Greek) - Bile
    • Kustis (Greek) - Bladder, atomical pouch or sac
    • Kinein (Greek) - Motion, to move
  • Peptide hormone of the GI system synthesized by Icells in the small intestine and secreted in the duodenum responsible for stimulating digestion of fat and protein by causing release of digestive enzymes from the pancreas and bile from the gallbladder.
  • CCK also plays a role in hunger suppression.
  • Corpus luteum cyst

    A "pocket of fluid" that occurs in a "yellow" "body" known to produce steroid hormones.

    • Corpus (Latin) - Body
    • Luteus (Latin) - Yellow
    • Kustis (Greek) - Bladder, atomical pouch or sac
  • Cyst, corpus luteum, ages < 50
  • A type of cyst that occurs if the corpus luteum doesn't disappear and instead fills with fluid or blood. rarely occurs beyond age 50 because eggs are no longer being produced in menopausal period.
  • Cyst of palatine papilla

    A “sac” on the anterior “roof of the mouth” near the “nipple” or incisive papilla

    • Kustis (Greek) - Bladder, atomical pouch or sac
    • Palatum (Greek) - Roof of the mouth, of the Palace
    • Papilla (Latin) - Nipple
  • Also known as nasopalatine duct cyst, but it can be mistaken radio graphically for a lateral radicular cyst
  • Cystic fibrosis

    A genetic condition in which failure to secrete fluids results in "pouches" of fluid and layers of collage "fibers" behind epithelial surfaces.

    • Kustis (Greek) - Bladder, atomical pouch or sac
    • Fibra (Latin) - A fiber, filament, entrail
  • An autosomal recessive genetic disorder that is characterized by a defect in the protein cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) resulting in abnormal transport of chloride and sodium across an epithelium, leading to viscous secretions
  • Symptoms include recurrent sinus infections, poor growth, difficulty breathing, and infertility
  • Diagnosed by genetic testing or by a sweat test.
  • Cystic hygroma

    A "fluid filled" "mass" that appears in newborns.

    • Kustis (Greek) - Bladder, atomical pouch or sac
    • Hygros (Greek) - Moist
    • Oma (Greek) - Morbid growth, mass, tumor
  • Cystlike cavities
  • Lymphangioma
  • Turner's syndrome
  • Noon syndrome
  • Abnormal growths that resemble fluid filled cystlike cavities that appear on a newborn's head and neck. The most common form of lymphangioma. Benign and rarely presents in adulthood. Associated with Turner's syndrome or with Noon syndrome (male Turner's).
  • A German writing from the 18th century about the disease translated: "Woe to the child who tastes salty from a kiss on the brow, for he is cursed and soon must die,"
  • Cystic medial degeneration

    A condition in which the large artery that originates from the "middle" of the heart (aorta) is "no longer of its kind" because of breakdown of connective tissue; this breakdown often results in "pouch"like cavities between fibers

    • Kustis (Greek) - Bladder, atomical pouch or sac
    • Medius (Latin) - In the middle
    • Degeneratus (Latin) - No Longer of its Kind
  • Causes aortic wall weakness leading to aortic dissections
  • Commonly occurs in patients with Marfan syndrome on the boards
  • Pathologically there is a weakness in the aorta wall from a connective tissue disorder
  • Cystinuria

    The accumulation of "cysteine" in "urine" due to a defect in this amino acid's reabsorption.

    • Kustis (Greek) - Bladder, atomical pouch or sac
    • Ouron (Greek) - Urine
  • Kidney stones
  • Autosomal recessive
  • Proximal convoluted tubule defect
  • An autosomal recessive disorder that prevents the proper reabsorption of cystine and other basic amino acids in the proximal convoluted tubule resulting in an excess of this AA in the urine. A frequent cause of persistent kidney stones.
  • Cystitis

    An "inflammatory" condition of the "pouch" that holds urine.

    • Kustis (Greek) - Bladder, atomical pouch or sac
    • Itis (Greek) - Inflammation, pertaining to disease
  • Inflammation
  • Urinary tract infection
  • Dysuria
  • Increased urinary frequency
  • Inflammation of the bladder leading to a frequent need to urite along with a burning sensation. It can be due to an infection of ascending bacteria from the urethra to the bladder or from persistent irritants near the urethral opening.
  • Dacryocystitis

    A "tear" in a tear/lacrimal "sac" that leads to an "inflammation"

    • Dakryon (Greek) - Tear
    • Kustis (Greek) - Bladder, atomical pouch or sac
    • Itis (Greek) - Inflammation, pertaining to disease
  • Inflammation of the lacrimal sac due to obstruction of the nasolacrimal duct
  • Commonly caused by Staph aureus or strep pneumoniae
  • Oral antibiotics are first line
  • Dermoid cyst

    A type of "atomical pouch" that forms on the skin's surface.

    • Derma (Greek) - Skin
    • Eidos (Greek) - Form, Resemblance or Shape, Likeness
    • Kustis (Greek) - Bladder, atomical pouch or sac
  • A cystic teratoma that can be found anywhere teratomas can form (such as in the ovaries). Teratomas can have wide ranges of different tissues growing within them including hair, teeth, and nails.
  • Endometriod cyst

    Process of endometriosis occurring "within" the "womb" that leads to blood build up that spills onto the "bladder" when it ruptures.

    • Endon (Greek) - Within, Inside, Interl
    • Metrium (Latin) - Womb
    • Kustis (Greek) - Bladder, atomical pouch or sac
  • Cyst
  • Ovary
  • Chocolate cyst
  • Endometriosis
  • Fibrocystic change

    A change in breast tissue from normal to "small fibers" that make up small "bladders, or atomical sacs".

    • Fibra (Latin) - A fiber, filament, entrail
    • Kustis (Greek) - Bladder, atomical pouch or sac
  • Common benign breast lump that may be tender or itchy, especially just before menstruation
  • May present with menstruation tenderness
  • Follicular cyst

    A "little bag" in the ovary that grows but does not release its oocyte, leading to the formation of a fluid filled "sac"

  • Ovulation pain may be referred to as Mittelschmerz
  • Hemorrhagic cyst

    A "bladder" filled with "blood" from a vessel that has "bust forth."

    • Haima (Greek) - Blood
    • Rhegnunai (Greek) - To bust forth
    • Kustis (Greek) - Bladder, atomical pouch or sac
  • Bloodfilled membrane
  • Usually selfresolve
  • Hemorrhagic Cystitis

    Severe "inflammation" of the "bladder" that results in "bleeding" into the "bladder."

    • Haima (Greek) - Blood
    • Rhegnunai (Greek) - To bust forth
    • Kustis (Greek) - Bladder, atomical pouch or sac
    • Itis (Greek) - Inflammation, pertaining to disease
  • Leads to dysuria, hematuria, and hemorrhage
  • Common side effect of cyclophosphamide but can be prevented with mes
  • Associated with EHEC
  • Homocystinuria

    Disease that results in the presence of amino acids that are almost the "same" as cystine in the "urine". The amino acid cysteine was so med for having been found in the "bladder"

    • Homos (Greek) - Once and the same, like
    • Kustis (Greek) - Bladder, atomical pouch or sac
    • Ouron (Greek) - Urine
  • Disorder of metabolism of methionine
  • Characterized by elevated urine homocysteine, mental retardation, osteoporosis, lens subluxation, and atherosclerosis
  • May be due to cystathionase deficiency, decreased pyridoxal phosphate affinity, or homocysteine methyltransferase deficiencies
  • Lateral periodontal cyst

    A “pouch” that is apparent radio graphically “around” the “side” of a “tooth”

    • Lateralis (Latin) - Side
    • Peri (Greek) - Around, about, beyond
    • Dens (Latin) - Tooth
    • Kustis (Greek) - Bladder, atomical pouch or sac
  • Lateral periodontal cysts form between vital teeth and are remnants of the lamina dura
  • Mature cystic teratoma

    "Monstrous" ovarian "bladdershaped" "mass" composed of cell types derived from at least two different germ layers.

    • Kustis (Greek) - Bladder, atomical pouch or sac
    • Terato (Greek) - Marvel, monster
    • Oma (Greek) - Morbid growth, mass, tumor
  • Most common ovarian neoplasm
  • Maxillary sinus pseudocyst

    A condition in which there is an obstruction of a "fold" found in the upper "jaw" resulting in an expansion, forming a "fake" cystlike "sac"

    • Maxilla (Latin) - Upper jaw
    • Sinus (Latin) - Bend, fold, curve, a bent surface; a bay, bight, gulf; a fold in land; hollow curve or cavity in the body
    • Pseudein (Greek) - To deceive, cheat by lies, fake
    • Kustis (Greek) - Bladder, atomical pouch or sac
  • Domeshaped radiopaque shadow seen on the floor of the maxillary sinus
  • Focal accumulation of inflammatory exudate lists the epithelial lining of the sinus away from underlying bone
  • Medullary cystic kidney disease

    A disease in which the "marrow or pith" kidney becomes filled with small "pouches or bags".

    • Medulla (Latin) - Bone marrow, pith
    • Kustis (Greek) - Bladder, atomical pouch or sac
    • Kidnere (Middle English) - Kidney
    • Desaise (Old French) - Lack of Ease
  • Autosomal dominant disorder characterized by medullary cysts that lead to tubulointerstitial fibrosis and renal insufficiency
  • Shrunken kidneys
  • Osteitis fibrosa cystia

    Skeletal disorder "pertaining to a disease" caused by hyperparathyroidism resulting in "bones" with too much "fiber" and fibrous tissue

    • Osteon (Greek) - Bone
    • Itis (Greek) - Inflammation, pertaining to disease
    • Fibra (Latin) - A fiber, filament, entrail
    • Kustis (Greek) - Bladder, atomical pouch or sac
  • Von Recklinghausen disease
  • Neurofibromatosis type 1
  • Papillary Cystadenoma Lymphomatosum/ Warthin's Tumor

    A "tumor" of the salivary "gland" that is papillary ("nipple")shaped

    • Papilla (Latin) - Nipple
    • Kustis (Greek) - Bladder, atomical pouch or sac
    • Aden (Greek) - Gland
    • Oma (Greek) - Morbid growth, mass, tumor
  • Papillary cystadenoma lymphomatosum
  • Strong association with cigarette smoking
  • A benign salivary gland tumor, which often affects the parotid gland
  • Represent up to10% of salivary gland tumors
  • ♂:♀ ratio is 5:1
  • Treated by excision
  • The salivary glands will contain abundant lymphocytes and germinal centers (lymph nodelike stroma)
  • Pneumocystis Jirovecii

    An opportunistic fungal infection of the "lungs." Pathogenesis includes formation of globular "pouch"like cysts.

    • Pneumon (Greek) - Lung
    • Kustis (Greek) - Bladder, atomical pouch or sac
  • Start prophylaxis when CD4 < 200
  • A diffuse interstitial pneumonia
  • Treat with TMPSMX
  • The causative organism used to be called Pneumocystis carinii. Currently, the organism is called Pneumocystis jirovecii. The term PCP pneumonia originally stood for Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia, which is technically no longer applicable, but the term PCP pneumonia has been retained by clinicians due to convenience.

  • MedyQuestion
    • A 33 year old woman with history of IV drug abuse and HIV presents to the emergency room with complaint of productive cough and fever for 3 days. The patient reports bringing up yellow-green mucus on coughing. Patient has increased tactile fremitus on the right lower lobe. A CXR confirms the diagnosis of pneumonia. The patient’s last CD4 count last year was 320, but came back at 127 on this visit. What is the most likely causative agent for this individuals pneumonia?

    USMLE Step 1

    • A 33 year old woman with history of IV drug abuse and HIV presents to the emergency room with complaint of productive cough and fever for 3 days. The patient reports bringing up yellow-green mucus on coughing. Patient has increased tactile fremitus on the right lower lobe. A CXR confirms the diagnosis of pneumonia. The patient’s last CD4 count last year was 320, but came back at 127 on this visit. What medication should this patient be started on for prophylaxis?

    USMLE Step 1

    Polycystic kidney disease

    A genetic "disease" causing "many" "pouch"like cysts in the "kidneys." The disease can be present in both adult and infantile forms.

    • Polloi (Greek) - Many
    • Kustis (Greek) - Bladder, atomical pouch or sac
    • Kidnere (Middle English) - Kidney
    • Disease (Old French) - Lack, Want, Discomfort, Distress, Trouble, Misfortune, Disease, Sickness
  • The adult form is autosomal dominant
  • The infantile form is autosomal recessive
  • Can lead to renal failure
  • The condition is associated with hypertension
  • Polycystic ovarian syndrome

    A hormonal disorder of the "egg"bearing organ resulting in the formation of "many" "sacs" and other symptoms that "run" "together"

    • Polloi (Greek) - Many
    • Kustis (Greek) - Bladder, atomical pouch or sac
    • Ovum (Latin) - Egg
    • Syn (Greek) - With, together
    • Droma (Greek) - Running, A Course
  • Increased LH:FSH ratio
  • Associated with obesity
  • Hyperandrogenism can be seen in this condition
  • Hirsutism can be seen in this condition
  • Pseudocysts

    A "fake" "anatomical pouch or sac" not lined by epithelium

    • Pseudein (Greek) - To deceive, cheat by lies, fake
    • Kustis (Greek) - Bladder, atomical pouch or sac
  • An abnormal or dilated space resembling a cyst but not lined with epithelium
  • Usually lined with granulation tissue or connective tissue
  • These are 'fake cysts' since they are not lined by epithelium
  • Residual cyst

    An “atomical pouch or sac” that is formed from the “remains” of a tooth, after the tooth has been extracted

    • Residuum (Latin) - Remainder
    • Kustis (Greek) - Bladder, atomical pouch or sac
  • Treatment for usually involves enucleation and tends to have a good prognosis
  • Salivary Duct Cyst

    A cyst containing "saliva" "leading" to formation of an "atomical sac/pouch"

    • Sialon (Greek) - Saliva
    • Ducere (Latin) - To Lead
    • Kustis (Greek) - Bladder, atomical pouch or sac
  • A mucous retention cyst which is usually found in the upper lip, buccal mucosa, palate, & FOM
  • Rarely seen in the lower lip
  • Most have duct ectasia due to obstruction from mucus plugs or sialoliths
  • Serous cystadenocarcinoma

    A malignant "mass" of a "gland" filled with "watery fluid" resembling a small "bladder".

    • Serum (Latin) - Watery fluid, whey
    • Kustis (Greek) - Bladder, atomical pouch or sac
    • Aden (Greek) - Gland
    • Karkinos (Greek) - Cancer, crab
    • Oma (Greek) - Morbid growth, mass, tumor
  • Common malignant ovarian neoplasm filled with clear fluid
  • Psammoma bodies can be seen
  • Serous cystadenoma

    A benign "mass" of a "gland" filled with "watery fluid" resembling a small "bladder".

    • Serum (Latin) - Watery fluid, whey
    • Kustis (Greek) - Bladder, atomical pouch or sac
    • Aden (Greek) - Gland
    • Oma (Greek) - Morbid growth, mass, tumor
  • Common benign ovarian neoplasm filled with clear fluid
  • Most common type of ovarian cancer
  • Nasolabial cyst

    A soft tissue "sac" that is formed on the "lip", inferior to the "nose"

    • Nasus (Latin) - Nose
    • Labio (Latin) - Lip
    • Kustis (Greek) - Bladder, atomical pouch or sac
  • Occurs 3x more commonly in women
  • Slowly enlarging, asymptomatic swelling
  • Extraosseous so they will not show up on a radiograph
  • Teratoid/Dermoid/Epidermoid Cyst

    A "sac" formed of cells from the "upper layer of skin" (epidermoid), "skin" (dermoid), or is a "monster" of all three germ layers (teratoid)

    • Terato (Greek) - Marvel, monster
    • Derma (Greek) - Skin
    • Epi (English) - Above, Upon
    • Derma (Greek) - Skin
    • Kustis (Greek) - Bladder, atomical pouch or sac
  • Congenital dermoid cysts can be epidermoid, dermoid, or teratoid, based on the specific histology. Epidermoid cysts are lined by stratified squamous epithelium. Dermoid cysts have the addition of skin appendages in the cystic wall (e.g. hair follicles, sebaceous glands). Teratoid cysts contain cells from all three germ layers.
  • Thecalutein cyst

    Bilateral ovarian "enveloped" "cysts" associated with molar pregnancies, often associated with high beta human chorionic gonadotropin (βhCG) levels.

    • Theke (Greek) - Case, Envelope, Sheath
    • Luteus (Latin) - Yellow
    • Kustis (Greek) - Bladder, atomical pouch or sac
  • Associated with molar pregnancies
  • Thyroglossal Duct Cyst

    A "sac" formed due to a developmental abnormality where the canal "leading" to the "thyroid's" fil position, away from the "tongue" (glossus), persists.

  • During normal development, the thyroid migrates inferiorly away from the tongue through a tract (thyroglossal duct) connecting the tongue and the fil location of the thyroid. If the duct is not properly obliterated, a cyst can develop.
  • Most common congenital neck cyst
  • Unicystic ameloblastoma

    A benign "mass" composed of "enamel"producing "germ" cells that appears as “one” “pouch” radio graphically

    • Uni (Latin) - One
    • Kustis (Greek) - Bladder, atomical pouch or sac
    • Amelo (English) - Emel
    • Blastos (Greek) - Germ, sprout, bud or budding, immature
    • Oma (Greek) - Morbid growth, mass, tumor
  • An odontogenic tumor comprised of ameloblasts
  • Usually occur in the posterior regions of the mandible
  • Typically appears multilocular although unilocular or unicystic appearances are not uncommon either
  • Cystocele

    "Herniation" of the "bladder" into the vagina

    • Kustis (Greek) - Bladder, atomical pouch or sac
    • Kele (Greek) - Swelling, hernia, tumor
  • Often from tearing of the pubocervical fascia during childbirth
  • Can be accompanied by urethrocele- "herniation" of the "urethra" into the vagina
  • What's more, urethrocystoceles exist too! A urethrocele combined with a cystocele
  • MEDYMOLOGY