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Khronikos (Greek) - Of time, concerning time
11 terms share this root
Acute/chronic contact sotmatitis

"Inflammation" of the "mouth" due to irritants "touching" "together" with the oral mucosa. May have a "sharp" onset or lasting a long "time"

  • Acus (Latin) - Needle
  • Khronikos (Greek) - Of time, concerning time
  • Con (Latin) - With, Together
  • Tangere (Latin) - To touch
  • Stoma (Greek) - Mouth
  • Itis (Greek) - Inflammation, pertaining to disease
  • Causative agent is easily associated in acute form
  • Chronic form is more common
  • Anemia of chronic disease

    A condition characterized by "lack of ease on the body" due to being "without" "blood" because of suffering from a disease for a "long time".

    • An (Greek) - Without, not
    • Haima (Greek) - Blood
    • Khronikos (Greek) - Of time, concerning time
    • Desaise (Old French) - Lack of Ease
  • Expected findings are low Fe, low or normal TIBC and high ferritin.
  • Because the body regards any type of inflammation as an infection by a foreign bug, in order to starve the organism of iron and other resources, it prevents the release of iron into the blood. This can be seen in any inflammatory disease including cancer and other auto immune diseases that cause inflammation similar to that of an infection.

  • Mnemonics
    These conditions make your red blood cells small really F. A. S. T.
    The Causes of Microcytic Anemia
    Fe (iron) deficiency anemia. Anemia of chronic Disease. Sideroblastic Anemia. Thalassemia

    Any disease that persists over "time".

  • Longlasting, disease
  • Chronic bronchitis

    "Inflammation" of the airways in the "throat" that persists over "time".

    • Khronikos (Greek) - Of time, concerning time
    • Bronkhos (Greek) - Windpipe, throat
    • Itis (Greek) - Inflammation, pertaining to disease
  • Cough due to inflammation of bronchial tubes causing mucus production and difficulty getting air in and out
  • Lasts for at least 3 months, two years in a row.
  • Cigarette smoking is the most common cause. This is a longterm condition that keeps coming back and never goes away completely.
  • Chronic diffuse sclerosing osteomyelitis

    "Inflammation" of "bone" or "marrow" lasting a long "time" resulting in abnormal "hardening" of the bone. Distribution of hardening "pour out" into surrounding bone.

  • "Cotton Wool Appearance" of bone radio graphically
  • Chronic Focal Sclerosing Osetomyelitis

    "Inflammation" of "bone" or "marrow" lasting a long "time" resulting in abnormal localized "focal" "hardening" of the bone.

    • Khronikos (Greek) - Of time, concerning time
    • Focus (Latin) - Hearth, fireplace, center of activity
    • Skleroun (Greek) - To Harden
    • Osteon (Greek) - Bone
    • Muelos (Greek) - Marrow
    • Itis (Greek) - Inflammation, pertaining to disease
  • Results from a reaction to periodontal infection
  • Most common site is near apex of premolar and molars
  • Usually associated with nonvital tooth
  • Chronic Hyperplastic candidiasis

    A "condition" that lasts a long "time" due to "white" fungi that causes "excess" "formation" of tissue

    • Khronikos (Greek) - Of time, concerning time
    • Hyper (Greek) - Over, beyond, excess
    • Plasis (Greek) - Molding, Formation
    • Candidus (Latin) - White
    • Osis (Greek) - A condition, disease
  • The major etiologic agent of the disease is the oral fungal pathogen Candida
  • Typically presents as a white adherent patch on the commissures of the oral mucosa
  • A minor proportion may demonstrate dysplasia and develop into carcinomas
  • Chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis

    A "condition" of the "skin" and "slimy" surfaces caused by "white" fungi lasting a long "time"

    • Khronikos (Greek) - Of time, concerning time
    • Mucus (Latin) - Slime, mold, snot
    • Cutis (Latin) - Skin
    • Candidus (Latin) - White
    • Osis (Greek) - A condition, disease
  • Hereditary, immunodeficiency, cellmediated immunity disorder, T cell, Candida
  • Hereditary immunodeficiency characterized by chronic infections with Candida (usually C. albicans) limited to mucosal surfaces, skin, and cells due to impaired cellmediated immunity (T cells)
  • Chronic infections with Candida that are limited to mucosal surfaces, skin, and nails
  • In infants, the first symptoms are thrush and diaper rash that may eventually lead to a thick, oozing disfiguring rash that covers the face and scalp, causing hair to fall out.
  • Chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML)

    A cancer of the "blood," specifically "originating" from the "white" blood cell line in the bone "marrow," that slowly progresses over a period of "time."

    • Khronikos (Greek) - Of time, concerning time
    • Myelos (Greek) - Marrow, the brain
    • Genes (Greek) - Born of, produced by; origin or source
    • Leukos (Greek) - White, clear
    • Haima (Greek) - Blood
  • Aka chronic granulocytic leukemia, granulocytes, leukemia, Philadelphia chromosome
  • Characterized by unregulated growth of mostly myeloid cells (neutrophils, basophils, eosinophils) in the bone marrow and their accumulation in the blood
  • 90% of CML cases are due to the characteristic chromosomal translocation, the Philadelphia chromosome (translocation between chromosome 9 and chromosome 22).
  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

    A disease of the "lung" that progresses over a long period of "time" and is characterized by inflammation of the small airways and a "build up" of mucus that causes a "barrier" to the outflow of air.

  • Aka chronic obstructive lung disease, chronic obstructive airway disease, shortness of breath, cough, mucus production
  • Characterized by longstanding and progressively worsening shortness of breath, cough, and mucus production (as measured by lung function tests)
  • It is most commonly due to tobacco smoke
  • Smoking is the primary risk factor for COPD.
  • Chronotropy

    A "change" in the "timing" of heartbeats resulting in an increased or decreased heart rate.

    • Khronikos (Greek) - Of time, concerning time
    • Tropos (Greek) - Turn, turning, change, response
  • Heart rate, positive chronotrope increase heart rate, negative chronotrope decrease heart rate
  • Chronotropic drugs may changes the heart rate by affecting the nerves that control the heart or by changing the rhythm produced by the sinoatrial (SA) node.