Term Successfully Added to Selected Deck
Unable to Add the term to selected Deck. Please try again later!
Foramen (Latin) - Hole, opening, aperture, orifice
9 terms share this root
Foramen magnum

"Large" "opening" at the bottom of the occipital bone, through which the spinal canal, vertebral arteries, spinal arteries, and CN XI travel.

  • Foramen (Latin) - Hole, opening, aperture, orifice
  • Magnus (Latin) - Great in size, Greater
Foramen ovale

An "eggshaped" "hole" in the fetal heart which shunts blood from the right to left atrium

  • Foramen (Latin) - Hole, opening, aperture, orifice
  • Ovalis (Latin) - Eggshaped
  • Normally closes at birth to form fossa ovalis
  • Patent foramen ovale may cause paradoxical embolism
  • Foramen ovale

    An "eggshaped" "hole" located on the posterior sphenoid bone, through which the mandibular nerve (CN V3), lesser petrosal nerve (CN IX), accessory meningeal artery, emissary veins. and otic ganglion travel

    • Foramen (Latin) - Hole, opening, aperture, orifice
    • Ovalis (Latin) - Eggshaped
    Foramen primum

    The "first" fetal interatrial heart "opening".

    • Foramen (Latin) - Hole, opening, aperture, orifice
    • Primus (Latin) - First, the first part
  • Found between the endocardial cushions and the growing septum primum that eventually closes prior to the completion of fetal heart development.
  • Foramen rotundum

    A "round" "hole" in the sphenoid bone through which the maxillary nerve (CN V2) travels

    • Foramen (Latin) - Hole, opening, aperture, orifice
    • Rotundum (Latin) - Turn around, revolve
    Foramen secundum

    The "second" fetal interatrial heart "opening"

    • Foramen (Latin) - Hole, opening, aperture, orifice
    • Secundus (Latin) - Next, following, second
  • Found within the growing septum primum, eventually closing prior to the completion of fetal heart development
  • Maintains left to right shunt in the fetal heart
  • Becomes foramen ovale as septum secundum grows over foramen secundum.
  • Foramen spinosum

    A "hole" located anterior to the "spine" of the sphenoid bone through which the middle meningeal artery, middle meningeal vein, and the meningeal branch of the mandibular nerve travel

    Jugular foramen

    A large "aperture" in the base of the skull, near the "throat."

    • Jugulum (Latin) - Throat
    • Foramen (Latin) - Hole, opening, aperture, orifice
  • It is located behind the carotid canal and is formed by the occipital lobe and the petrous portion of the temporal bone.
  • Patent foramen ovale

    An "oval" "hole" between the left and right atrium that remains "open"

    • Patens (Latin) - Open, lying open
    • Foramen (Latin) - Hole, opening, aperture, orifice
    • Ovalis (Latin) - Eggshaped
  • A persisting hole between the right and left atrium due to failure of the foramen ovale to close
  • MEDYMOLOGY