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Fibra (Latin) - A fiber, filament, entrail
28 terms share this root
Amelo fibro odontoma

A mixed "tumor" of "enamel" and dentin (including collagen "fibers"), thus the structures present resemble those of a normal "tooth"

  • Amelo (English) - Emel
  • Fibra (Latin) - A fiber, filament, entrail
  • Odous (Greek) - Tooth
  • Oma (Greek) - Morbid growth, mass, tumor
  • Occurs in the second decade of life
  • Usually in the posterior mandible
  • May prevent tooth eruption, causing tooth impaction
  • Curettage is usually curative
  • Aka Ameloblastic fibroodontoma
  • It's like an ameloblastic fibroma but has enamel and dentin (hence the "odontoma" in the me)
  • Shows as 'donut shaped' calcifications on a radiograph
  • Ameloblastic fibroma

    An odontogenic tumor containing "enamel," myxoid stroma, and proliferating odontogenic epithelium that may histologically appear like strands or "fibers"

    • Amelo (English) - Emel
    • Fibra (Latin) - A fiber, filament, entrail
  • Painless, benign, slowgrowing radiolucent expansion
  • Aka Soft Odontoma
  • Angiofibroma

    Small "masses or growths" composed of "blood vessels" and "a fiber"ous material.

    • Angeion (Greek) - A vessel, receptacle
    • Fibra (Latin) - A fiber, filament, entrail
    • Oma (Greek) - Morbid growth, mass, tumor
  • Small skin colored papules present on the nose and cheeks.
  • Composed of fibrous tissue.
  • Cystic fibrosis

    A genetic condition in which failure to secrete fluids results in "pouches" of fluid and layers of collage "fibers" behind epithelial surfaces.

    • Kustis (Greek) - Bladder, atomical pouch or sac
    • Fibra (Latin) - A fiber, filament, entrail
  • An autosomal recessive genetic disorder that is characterized by a defect in the protein cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) resulting in abnormal transport of chloride and sodium across an epithelium, leading to viscous secretions
  • Symptoms include recurrent sinus infections, poor growth, difficulty breathing, and infertility
  • Diagnosed by genetic testing or by a sweat test.
  • Dysfibrinogenemia

    A group of disorders characterized by "badly" formed proteins found in the "blood" that are normally responsible for "producing" the "fibers" of blood clots.

    • Dys (Greek) - Bad, Ill, Abnormal, Evil
    • Fibra (Latin) - A fiber, filament, entrail
    • Gene (French) - Something that produces
    • Haima (Greek) - Blood
  • Group of autosomal dominant disorders of fibrinogen
  • Fibrin

    "Fibrous" blood clotting protein.

    • Fibra (Latin) - A fiber, filament, entrail
  • Activated from fibrinogen by thrombin
  • Also known as Factor Ia
  • Fibrinogen

    Blood clotting protein converted to fibrin by thrombin

    • Fibra (Latin) - A fiber, filament, entrail
    • Genes (Greek) - Born of, produced by; origin or source
  • Can form platelet bridges by binding to GPIIb/IIIa
  • Also known as Factor I
  • Fibrinoid

    "Fiber"like material found in walls of blood vessels and placenta.

    • Fibra (Latin) - A fiber, filament, entrail
    Fibrinoid necrosis

    Tissue "death" with accumulation of proteinaceous material "resembling" "fibrin."

    • Fibra (Latin) - A fiber, filament, entrail
    • Eidos (Greek) - Form, Resemblance or Shape, Likeness
    • Nekros (Greek) - Dead body, Corpse, Death
  • Associated with immune vasculitis, malignant hypertension, and preeclampsia
  • Seen in blood vessels
  • Fibrinopurulent membrane

    A "skin" which covers certain lesions, such as ulcers, is "fibrous" (contains fibrin) and "festers" (contains pus).

    • Fibra (Latin) - A fiber, filament, entrail
    • Membrana (Greek) - A skin, parchment
  • Apthous ulcers and traumatic ulcers are two examples of oral lesions which exhibit a fibrinopurulent membrane
  • Fibrinous exudate

    Liquid "exuding" or "oozing" from a lesion, which contains mostly "fiber" (fibrinogen, fibrin)

    • Fibra (Latin) - A fiber, filament, entrail
    • Exsudare (Latin) - To Exhude
  • Fibrinous exudate contains mostly fibrin/fibrinogen, and appears cloudy. This is in contrast to other forms of exudate, such as hemorrhagic, which appears red.
  • Fibroadenoma

    Benign, "glandular", "fiber"like breast "tumors" usually found in young women.

    • Fibra (Latin) - A fiber, filament, entrail
    • Aden (Greek) - Gland
    • Oma (Greek) - Morbid growth, mass, tumor
    Fibrocystic change

    A change in breast tissue from normal to "small fibers" that make up small "bladders, or atomical sacs".

    • Fibra (Latin) - A fiber, filament, entrail
    • Kustis (Greek) - Bladder, atomical pouch or sac
  • Common benign breast lump that may be tender or itchy, especially just before menstruation
  • May present with menstruation tenderness
  • Fibroma

    Benign "fibrous" connective tissue "tumor.'

    • Fibra (Latin) - A fiber, filament, entrail
    • Oma (Greek) - Morbid growth, mass, tumor
  • Benign ovarian neoplasm
  • Fibromatosis

    "Condition" of benign "fibrous" soft tissue "tumors" that can be very locally aggressive.

    • Fibra (Latin) - A fiber, filament, entrail
    • Oma (Greek) - Morbid growth, mass, tumor
    • Osis (Greek) - A condition, disease
  • Can be associated with familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP)
  • Fibromuscular cap

    A "head" on an atherosclerotic plaque composed of "muscle" and "small filaments".

    • Fibra (Latin) - A fiber, filament, entrail
    • Mus (Greek) - Muscle, mouse
    • Caput (Latin) - Head
  • Stabilizes established atherosclerotic plaques
  • Damage may cause rupture and thrombosis
  • Fibromuscular dysplasia

    A "bad" "formation" of the "small fibers" that compose "muscle" tissue.

    • Fibra (Latin) - A fiber, filament, entrail
    • Mus (Greek) - Muscle, mouse
    • Dys (Greek) - Bad, Ill, Abnormal, Evil
    • Plasis (Greek) - Molding, Formation
  • Commonly seen in young women, and it can be a cause of secondary hypertension (i.e. a curable form of hypertension)
  • Primary (or essential) hypertension is much more common than secondary hypertension
  • Fibromyalgia

    CNS disorder involving chronic "muscle" "pain", fatigue, and joint "fiber" stiffness.

    • Fibra (Latin) - A fiber, filament, entrail
    • Myo (Greek) - Muscle
    • Algein (Greek) - To feel pain
  • Common in depression or anxiety disorders
  • More common in women
  • 1990 paper by Dr. Wolfe defined diagnostic guidelines
  • Fibrosarcoma

    Malignant mesenchymal "tumor" in the "flesh" and originates in "fibrous" tissue of the bone.

    • Fibra (Latin) - A fiber, filament, entrail
    • Sarx (Latin) - Flesh, Meat
    • Oma (Greek) - Morbid growth, mass, tumor
  • Softtissue tumor or bone tumor common around knee and femur
  • Fibrosis

    "Condition" of excessive deposition of "fibrous" connective tissue.

    • Fibra (Latin) - A fiber, filament, entrail
    • Osis (Greek) - A condition, disease
  • Pulmonary fibrosis
  • Cirrhosis
  • Often a response to injury
  • Hereditary Gingival Fibromatosis

    Benign fibrous enlargement of keratinized gingiva

    • Hereditatem (Latin) - Heirship, inheritance, condition of being an heir
    • Gingiva (Latin) - Gums
    • Fibra (Latin) - A fiber, filament, entrail
    • Oma (Greek) - Morbid growth, mass, tumor
    • Osis (Greek) - A condition, disease
  • Also known as Idiopathic Gingival hyperplasia
  • Interstitial pulmonary fibrosis

    A "formation of excessive connective tissue" within the "lungs" in the "space between the cells" or functional unit. .

    • Interstitium (Latin) - Interval, space between
    • Pulmon (Latin) - Lung
    • Fibra (Latin) - A fiber, filament, entrail
    • Osis (Greek) - A condition, disease
  • Chronic inflammation progressive scarring of the pulmonary (lung) walls
  • Marrow fibrosis

    "Condition" of the "center" of the bone in which bone marrow proliferate and cause replacement of marrow with connective tissue "fibers".

    • Marrow (Old English) - Inmost or central part
    • Fibra (Latin) - A fiber, filament, entrail
    • Osis (Greek) - A condition, disease
  • Hairy cell leukemia
  • Myelofibrosis

    "Condition" of "inflammation" of bone "marrow" causing decreased RBC production.

    • Myelos (Greek) - Marrow, the brain
    • Fibra (Latin) - A fiber, filament, entrail
    • Osis (Greek) - A condition, disease
  • Tear drop shaped RBC
  • Myofibroblasts

    Cell that mediates "fibers" "going forth" and aiding wound healing in "muscle".

    • Myo (Greek) - Muscle
    • Fibra (Latin) - A fiber, filament, entrail
    • Blaestin (Old English) - To blow, belch forth
  • Proliferative phase, secondary intention
  • Neurofibromatosis

    "Condition" of "fibrous" tumor "growth" from "nervous" tissue.

    • Neuro (Greek) - Nerve, sinew, tendon
    • Fibra (Latin) - A fiber, filament, entrail
    • Oma (Greek) - Morbid growth, mass, tumor
    • Osis (Greek) - A condition, disease
  • Autosomal dominant
  • NF1: chromosome 17, cafe au lait spots, Lisch nodules, neural tumors
  • NF2: chromosome 22, bilateral acoustic neuromas, meningioma, cataracts
  • Neurocutaneous disorders include NF2, Tuberous sclerosis, VHL disease, and SturgeWeber
  • Osteitis fibrosa cystia

    Skeletal disorder "pertaining to a disease" caused by hyperparathyroidism resulting in "bones" with too much "fiber" and fibrous tissue

    • Osteon (Greek) - Bone
    • Itis (Greek) - Inflammation, pertaining to disease
    • Fibra (Latin) - A fiber, filament, entrail
    • Kustis (Greek) - Bladder, atomical pouch or sac
  • Von Recklinghausen disease
  • Neurofibromatosis type 1
  • Pulmonary fibrosis

    A "condition" in which there are "small fibers" invading the normal "lung" tissue.

    • Pulmon (Latin) - Lung
    • Fibra (Latin) - A fiber, filament, entrail
    • Osis (Greek) - A condition, disease
  • Sarcoidosis, Smoking, Radiation

  • MedyQuestion
    • A 6 year old boy is brought to the pediatrician because his mother reports that he has been having bouts of blue colored skin and shortness of breath. She says that when he is outside playing, he becomes short of breath much quicker than the other children. The patient was evaluated for asthma last year, but at that time demonstrated normal PFTs. The pediatrician asked the patient if anything made him feel better when he found it hard to breath, at which time, the boy squatted. What 4 characteristics are pathomnemonic for this child’s condition?

    USMLE Step 1

    • A 6 year old boy is brought to the pediatrician because his mother reports that he has been having bouts of blue colored skin and shortness of breath. She says that when he is outside playing, he becomes short of breath much quicker than the other children. The patient was evaluated for asthma last year, but at that time demonstrated normal PFTs. The pediatrician asked the patient if anything made him feel better when he found it hard to breath, at which time, the boy squatted. On cardiac auscultation, what type of murmur is expected to be appreciated and where?

    USMLE Step 1

    MEDYMOLOGY