Term Successfully Added to Selected Deck
Unable to Add the term to selected Deck. Please try again later!
Endon (Greek) - Within, Inside, Interl
25 terms share this root
Antiendomysial

Antibodies that act "against" tissue transglutaminase, a part of the connective tissue "within "muscle" in the GI tract.

  • Anti (Greek) - Against, opposite, opposed to
  • Endon (Greek) - Within, Inside, Interl
  • Mus (Greek) - Muscle, mouse
  • Present in celiac disease.
  • Also known as antitransglutaminase antibody because of its affect on gluten.
  • Endarteritis obliterans

    "Inflammation" of the innermost coat (intima) of an artery leading to the "obliteration" or growing of smaller vessels.

    • Endon (Greek) - Within, Inside, Interl
    • Arteria (Greek) - Windpipe, artery
    • Itis (Greek) - Inflammation, pertaining to disease
    • Obliterare (Latin) - Cause to disappear, blot out, erase
  • Causes include allergic, nervous, endocrine or hormonal aspects. Typical in male heavy smokers between the age of 2035 years.
  • May also to be referred to as "Buerger's Disease"
  • Endarteritis obliterans

    "Inflammation" of the innermost coat (intima) of an artery leading to the "obliteration" or growing of smaller vessels.

    • Endon (Greek) - Within, Inside, Interl
    • Arteria (Greek) - Windpipe, artery
    • Itis (Greek) - Inflammation, pertaining to disease
    • Obliterare (Latin) - Cause to disappear, blot out, erase
  • Causes include allergic, nervous, endocrine or hormonal aspects. Typical in male heavy smokers between the ages of 2035 years.
  • May also to be referred to as "Buerger's Disease"
  • Endocarditis

    "Inflammation" of the "internal" layer of the "heart".

    • Endon (Greek) - Within, Inside, Interl
    • Kardia (Greek) - Heart
    • Itis (Greek) - Inflammation, pertaining to disease
  • Commonly caused by bacterial and viral infections
  • Associated with Roth Spots

  • Mnemonics
    FROM JANE
    Endocarditis Criteria
    Fever, Roth Spots, Osler Nodes, Murmur, Janeway Lesions, Anemia, Nail Hemmorhages, Emboli
    Endocardium

    The "internal" layer of the "heart".

    • Endon (Greek) - Within, Inside, Interl
    • Kardia (Greek) - Heart
  • Heart
  • Inner layer
  • Endocervix

    The "inside"/covering of the "neck" like structure projecting from the uterus.

    • Endon (Greek) - Within, Inside, Interl
    • Cervix (Latin) - The Neck, pe of the Neck
  • It is made up of simple columnar epithelium
  • The two types of epithelium meet at the squamocolumnar junction, and is an area prone to HPV infection.
  • Endochondral ossification

    Process of creating "bone" by replacing the "internal" "cartilage" with bone.

  • Skeletal system
  • Long bones
  • Cartilage
  • Bone
  • Development
  • Endogenous stains

    A "discolored" spot or area on a tooth contrasting with the rest of the tooth color that is "intrinsic" in "origin."

    • Endon (Greek) - Within, Inside, Interl
    • Genes (Greek) - Born of, produced by; origin or source
    • Disteynen (Middle english) - To discolor or stain
  • Endogenous stains are always intrinsic. Stains that cannot be scaled or polished off are intrinsic.
  • Endogenous=Intrinsic, Stains seen in odontogenesis imperfecta are intrinsic stains.
  • Endometrial hyperplasia

    "Excessive" "formation" of the lining "within" the "womb."

    • Endon (Greek) - Within, Inside, Interl
    • Metrium (Latin) - Womb
    • Hyper (Greek) - Over, beyond, excess
    • Plasis (Greek) - Molding, Formation
  • It can lead to heavy bleeding episodes and can be the precursor to endometrial cancer
  • Growth
  • Uterus
  • Endometrium
  • Proliferation
  • Endometriod cyst

    Process of endometriosis occurring "within" the "womb" that leads to blood build up that spills onto the "bladder" when it ruptures.

    • Endon (Greek) - Within, Inside, Interl
    • Metrium (Latin) - Womb
    • Kustis (Greek) - Bladder, atomical pouch or sac
  • Cyst
  • Ovary
  • Chocolate cyst
  • Endometriosis
  • Endometrioma

    "Morbid growth" "within" the "womb."

    • Endon (Greek) - Within, Inside, Interl
    • Metrium (Latin) - Womb
    • Oma (Greek) - Morbid growth, mass, tumor
  • Endometriosis
  • Ovary
  • Endometriosis

    "Condition" that causes endometrial cells to grow outside the "womb" rather than "inside."

    • Endon (Greek) - Within, Inside, Interl
    • Metrium (Latin) - Womb
    • Osis (Greek) - A condition, disease
  • Abnormal growth
  • Uterus
  • Endometrium
  • Endometritis

    Inflammation of the endometrial lining "within" the "womb."

    • Endon (Greek) - Within, Inside, Interl
    • Metrium (Latin) - Womb
  • Uterus
  • Inner layer
  • Endometrium
  • Inflammation
  • Endometrium

    "Internal" lining of the "womb."

    • Endon (Greek) - Within, Inside, Interl
    • Metrium (Latin) - Womb
  • Uterus
  • Inner lining
  • Endometrium
  • Endomysium

    Layer of connective "tissue" that encircles individual "muscle" fibers "within" small bundles.

    • Endon (Greek) - Within, Inside, Interl
    • My (Greek) - Muscle
    • Ium (Greek) - Structure, tissue
  • Muscle fibers
  • Connective tissue
  • Endoneurium

    Layer of connective "tissue" that encircles the myelin sheath which has "nerve" fibers "inside."

    • Endon (Greek) - Within, Inside, Interl
    • Neuro (Greek) - Nerve, sinew, tendon
    • Ium (Greek) - Structure, tissue
  • Nerve
  • Myelin sheath
  • Nerve fiber
  • Endoneurium
  • Endonuclease

    An "enzyme" that cleaves D at phosphodiester bonds "within" the "kernel" or nucleus.

    • Endon (Greek) - Within, Inside, Interl
    • Nucleus (Latin) - Kernel
    • Ase (English) - Used to form the me of enzymes
  • Enzyme
  • D
  • Cleavage
  • Phosphodiester bond
  • Nucleotide
  • Endothelium

    The "inner" most layer of flat cells that lines blood vessels and lymphatic vessels.

    • Endon (Greek) - Within, Inside, Interl
    • Thele (Greek) - Nipple, teat
  • Blood vessels
  • Lymphatics
  • Inner layer
  • Flat cells
  • Endotoxin

    "Poison" found "within" gram negative bacteria that leads to an immune response by the host.

    • Endon (Greek) - Within, Inside, Interl
    • Toxikon (Greek) - Poison
  • Gram negative bacteria
  • Immune response
  • Toxin
  • Libmansacks endocarditis

    "Inflammation" "inside" the "heart."

    • Endon (Greek) - Within, Inside, Interl
    • Kardia (Greek) - Heart
    • Itis (Greek) - Inflammation, pertaining to disease
  • Lupus, vegetation, mitral valve
  • Med after Emanuel Libman and Benjamin Sacks
  • Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Type 2B/ Mulptiple mucosal Neuroma Syndrome

    A “formation” of “multiple” “new” tumors and lesions relating to a disorder of a “separate” “internal” system, the endocrine system

    • Multiplus (Latin) - Multiple
    • Endon (Greek) - Within, Inside, Interl
    • Krinein (Greek) - Sift, separate
    • Neos (Greek) - New, young, youthful
    • Plasis (Greek) - Molding, Formation
  • Signs usually involve pheochromocytoma and primary hyperparathyroidism
  • Obliterative endarteritis of the vasa vasorum

    "Inflammation" of "vessels of the vessels" supplying the largest "arteries" of the body. These arteries "within" these larger vessels become "inflamed" and are "blotted out" and occluded by disease.

    • Obliterare (Latin) - Cause to disappear, blot out, erase
    • Endon (Greek) - Within, Inside, Interl
    • Arteria (Greek) - Windpipe, artery
    • Itis (Greek) - Inflammation, pertaining to disease
    • Vasa vasorum (Latin) - Vessels of the vessels
  • Associated with tertiary syphilis
  • Syphilitic aortitis
  • Long standing, untreated syphilis in an older patient
  • Rough endoplasmic reticulum

    A "little network" with "uneven surfaces" due to being speckled with ribosomes that exists within the fluid that gives "form" to the cell.

    • Rough (Old English) - Uneven or irregular surface
    • Endon (Greek) - Within, Inside, Interl
    • Plasm (Greek) - Mold, shape
    • Ic (Latin) - In manner of
    • Reticulum (Latin) - Littlle net, network like structure
  • The endoplasmic reticulum that is associated with protein synthesis
  • The rough endoplasmic reticulum in neurons make neurotransmitters.
  • Smooth endoplasmic reticulum

    A "little networked" "shaped" organelle free from "roughness" "within" a cell.

    • Smooth (Old English/Germanic) - Free from roughness
    • Endon (Greek) - Within, Inside, Interl
    • Plasm (Greek) - Mold, shape
    • Reticulum (Latin) - Littlle net, network like structure
  • Intracellular organelle responsible for steroid synthesis and the detoxification of drugs and poisons
  • Liver cells and adrenal cells contain large concentrations of SER as they are the sites of detoxification and steroid synthesis, respectively
  • Subendocardial infarction

    A "stuffing" of the coronary arteries, leading to necrosis "beneath" the "inside" layer of the "heart"

    • Sub (Latin) - Under, below, beneath, at the foot of
    • Endon (Greek) - Within, Inside, Interl
    • Kardia (Greek) - Heart
    • Infarcire (Latin) - To stuff into
  • Myocardial infarction of the innermost layer of the myocardium that does not extend out to the epicardium.
  • Involves the inner layers of the myocardium
  • MEDYMOLOGY