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Dys (Greek) - Bad, Ill, Abnormal, Evil
39 terms share this root
Adrenoleukodystrophy

A disease in which there is an accumulation of very long chain fatty acids in the "white" matter of the CNS and inside the organ "near" the "kidneys" adrenal cortex, leading to "bad" "nourishment" of the tissue.

  • Ad (Latin) - Near, At, To Add On
  • Renes (Latin) - Kidneys
  • Leukos (Greek) - White, clear
  • Dys (Greek) - Bad, Ill, Abnormal, Evil
  • Trophe (Greek) - Food, Nourishment
  • Peroxisomal beta oxidation problem
  • Xlinked
  • Adrenal insufficiency
  • Progressive demyelination leading to vegetative state
  • Angiodysplasia

    A "bad or ill" "formation" of "blood vessels".

    • Angeion (Greek) - A vessel, receptacle
    • Dys (Greek) - Bad, Ill, Abnormal, Evil
    • Plasis (Greek) - Molding, Formation
  • Commonly occurs in the early parts of the large intestines
  • Common cause of GI bleeds leading to anemia especially in older adults
  • Thought to occur as a result of constant straining and contraction of the colon to move food along the GI tract leading to small pockets of blood backup within parts of the tract
  • Resemble telangiectasia.
  • Bronchopulmonary dysplasia

    "Bad" "formation" of cells in the "throat" and "lungs".

    • Bronkhos (Greek) - Windpipe, throat
    • Pulmon (Latin) - Lung
    • Dys (Greek) - Bad, Ill, Abnormal, Evil
    • Plasis (Greek) - Molding, Formation
  • Chronic lung disease in infants with scarring and inflammation of the lungs due to abnormal cell changes in the smaller airways and alveoli
  • Most commonly associated with premature babies and/or babies treated with mechanical ventilation for respiratory distress syndrome
  • Dentin dysplasia Type 1

    Genetic disorder of a "tooth" with "abnormal" "formation" of dentin tissue causing malformations in the "roots" of the teeth

    • Dens (Latin) - Tooth
    • Dys (Greek) - Bad, Ill, Abnormal, Evil
    • Plasis (Greek) - Molding, Formation
  • The roots of the teeth are short, round and conical
  • In primary teeth the pulp chamber can be completely obliterated
  • In permanent teeth the pulp chamber is usually crescent shaped
  • Dentin dysplasia type II

    Genetic disorder of a "tooth" with "abnormal" "formation" of dentin tissue causing large pulp chambers in the "crown" of the tooth

    • Dens (Latin) - Tooth
    • Dys (Greek) - Bad, Ill, Abnormal, Evil
    • Plasis (Greek) - Molding, Formation
  • The permanent teeth have large pulp chambers
  • In primary teeth the pulp chamber can be completely obliterated
  • Dysarthria

    The inability to speak due to "bad" "joints" and muscles involved in moving the mouth.

    • Dys (Greek) - Bad, Ill, Abnormal, Evil
    • Arthron (Greek) - Pertaining to the Joint
    Dyschesia

    "Bad" or painful "defecation".

    • Dys (Greek) - Bad, Ill, Abnormal, Evil
    • Chezein (Greek) - To Defacate
  • Defecation
  • Rectal pain
  • Dyscrasia

    A "bad" "mixture" of blood

    • Dys (Greek) - Bad, Ill, Abnormal, Evil
    • Krasis (Greek) - Mixture
  • In modern medicine, dyscrasia indicates a condition caused by abnormal material in the blood, usually referring to diseases of red blood cells or platelets.
  • The Greeks described health in TERMS (Term_definition, Term_information, Term_history, named_for_someone, Category,Term,Root_1,Root_2,Root_3, Root_4, Root_5, Root_6, Root_7, Root_8, Root_9,status,user_id) of harmony between the four humors: blood, water, yellow and black bile. A healthy balance was described as 'eucrasia', and an imbalance ('dyscrasia') was the direct cause of all disease.
  • Dysdiadochokinesia

    "Bad" or poorly coordinated "motion or movements" which involve "working in turn" or repeating.

    • Dys (Greek) - Bad, Ill, Abnormal, Evil
    • Diadochos (Greek) - Working in turn
    • Kinein (Greek) - Motion, to move
  • Some examples include flipping your hands over from front to back on your lap quickly, or touching your finger to your nose and to a point
  • A condition diagnosed via cerebellar function tests on physical exam
  • Impairments in these movements indicates a cerebellar lesion
  • Dysentery

    "Bad" "intestines" resulting in blood in the stool.

    • Dys (Greek) - Bad, Ill, Abnormal, Evil
    • Enteron (Greek) - Intestine, Small intestint, Piece of Gut, Bowel
  • Bloody diarrhea caused by microbial organisms
  • Dysfibrinogenemia

    A group of disorders characterized by "badly" formed proteins found in the "blood" that are normally responsible for "producing" the "fibers" of blood clots.

    • Dys (Greek) - Bad, Ill, Abnormal, Evil
    • Fibra (Latin) - A fiber, filament, entrail
    • Gene (French) - Something that produces
    • Haima (Greek) - Blood
  • Group of autosomal dominant disorders of fibrinogen
  • Dysgerminoma

    Think "bad germ cells".

    • Dys (Greek) - Bad, Ill, Abnormal, Evil
    • Germen (Latin) - Sprout
    • Oma (Greek) - Morbid growth, mass, tumor
  • A malignant ovarian germ cell tumor.
  • Dyshormonogenic goiter

    The "bad" production of thyroid "hormones" leading to hypothyroidism with a "goiter" (a swelling of the thyroid gland).

    • Dys (Greek) - Bad, Ill, Abnormal, Evil
    • Horman (Greek) - Urge, impell
    • Genes (Greek) - Born of, produced by; origin or source
    • Gutter (Latin) - Throat
  • Goiter
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Thyroid hormone
  • Dysmenorrhea

    Pertaining to the "evil" painful cramps of the "month" related with blood "flow"

    • Dys (Greek) - Bad, Ill, Abnormal, Evil
    • Men (Greek) - Month
    • Rhein (Greek) - Flow
  • This is typically menstrual pain that affects activities of daily living
  • Can be either primary or secondary
  • The most common cause of secondary dysmenorrhea is endometriosis
  • Primary endometriosis is thought to be mediated by prostaglandins.
  • Dysmetria

    A type of ataxia characterized by "abnormal" "measure" in the movement of one's limbs that results in poor coordination.

    • Dys (Greek) - Bad, Ill, Abnormal, Evil
    • Metron (Greek) - Measure
  • Lack of coordination is usually indicative of a cerebellar pathology
  • Dyspareunia

    A "bad" feelings associated with being in "bed" "alongside" someone, or during sexual intercourse.

    • Dys (Greek) - Bad, Ill, Abnormal, Evil
    • Para (Greek) - Along, side, beside, near, against, contrary to
    • Eune (Greek) - Bed
  • Pain during sexual intercourse
  • Dysphagia

    "Bad eating", difficulty or pain during swallowing.

    • Dys (Greek) - Bad, Ill, Abnormal, Evil
    • Phagein (Greek) - To eat, eater of
    Dysphonia

    A "bad" "voice" or inability to speak or make sounds.

    • Dys (Greek) - Bad, Ill, Abnormal, Evil
    • Phone (Greek) - Voice
  • Many possible causes and pathologies
  • Damage to the laryngeal nerve
  • Neoplasia of the vocal cords
  • Amyloidosis
  • Trauma of the vocal cords
  • Dysplasia

    "Bad formation" (malformation, abnormal growth) of cells or tissue.

    • Dys (Greek) - Bad, Ill, Abnormal, Evil
    • Plasis (Greek) - Molding, Formation
  • Usually used in the context of abnormal cell proliferation that can progress to cancer
  • Dysplastic kidney

    The "malformation" of the kidneys during fetal development.

    • Dys (Greek) - Bad, Ill, Abnormal, Evil
    • Plassein (Greek) - To mold or form
    • Kidnere (Middle English) - Kidney
  • The kidney is generally not functional and can have multiple cysts.
  • Dyspnea

    "Bad breathing", shortness of breath or trouble breathing.

    • Dys (Greek) - Bad, Ill, Abnormal, Evil
    • Pnoia (Greek) - Breath
  • Associated with myocardial infarction and COPD
  • Dysthymia

    A less severe form of depression, which has less severe symptoms but lasts for a longer period of time. Think "bad state of mind/spirit".

    • Dys (Greek) - Bad, Ill, Abnormal, Evil
    • Thymos (Greek) - Mood, Emotion, Spirit
  • Depression
  • Dystocia

    A "bad" or difficult "childbirth".

    • Dys (Greek) - Bad, Ill, Abnormal, Evil
    • Tokos (Greek) - Childbirth
  • A condition in which, despite normal contraction of the uterus, the baby is not expelled
  • The most common type is shoulder dystocia in which the shoulder is caught, leading to potential life threatening events to the baby
  • Treatments include Csection or vaccum extraction
  • The term can be used to describe the phenomenon in reptiles, referred to as egg binding
  • Dystonia

    Sustained and involuntary muscle contractions. This "bad" muscle "tension" may cause a person to twist or pose unnaturally.

    • Dys (Greek) - Bad, Ill, Abnormal, Evil
    • Tonos (Greek) - Stretched, Tension, Pressure
  • Movement
  • Muscle
  • Contraction
  • Posture
  • Dystrophic calcification

    The process by which damaged, necrotic, or degenerative tissue becomes "chalk" like as a result of "bad nourishment" of tissues with calcium.

    • Dys (Greek) - Bad, Ill, Abnormal, Evil
    • Trophe (Greek) - Food, Nourishment
    • Calx (Greek) - Chalk, limestone
  • This is a reaction to damage and there does not need to be an elevated blood calcium for it to occur.
  • Epithelial dysplasia

    “Abnormal” “molding” of the “above” surface layer of tissue

    • Epi (English) - Above, Upon
    • Thele (Greek) - Nipple, teat
    • Dys (Greek) - Bad, Ill, Abnormal, Evil
    • Plasis (Greek) - Molding, Formation
  • A histological description of epithelial cells that are abnormal in appearance, especially in proliferation and differentiation
  • May be clinically described by leukoplakia or erythroplakia
  • Fibromuscular dysplasia

    A "bad" "formation" of the "small fibers" that compose "muscle" tissue.

    • Fibra (Latin) - A fiber, filament, entrail
    • Mus (Greek) - Muscle, mouse
    • Dys (Greek) - Bad, Ill, Abnormal, Evil
    • Plasis (Greek) - Molding, Formation
  • Commonly seen in young women, and it can be a cause of secondary hypertension (i.e. a curable form of hypertension)
  • Primary (or essential) hypertension is much more common than secondary hypertension
  • Florid cemento osseous dysplasia

    Benign condition of the jaws that arise from fibroblast of the periodontal ligaments

    • Flor (Old English) - Floor
    • Osseus (Latin) - Bony
    • Dys (Greek) - Bad, Ill, Abnormal, Evil
    • Plasis (Greek) - Molding, Formation
  • Most common in African American females
  • Hereditary Ectodermal Dysplasia

    A group of abnormalities of the structures derived from ectoderm.

    • Hereditatem (Latin) - Heirship, inheritance, condition of being an heir
    • Ektos (Greek) - Outside
    • Derma (Greek) - Skin
    • Dys (Greek) - Bad, Ill, Abnormal, Evil
    • Plasis (Greek) - Molding, Formation
  • Results in congenitally absent teeth or teeth that have a pegshape or conical shape
  • Metachromatic leukodystrophy

    Lysosomal storage disease that affects "white" "colored" myelin due to lack of "nourishment" which leads to "improper" "formation".

    • Meta (English) - Beyond, in the midst of
    • Khroma (Greek) - Color, complexion character
    • Leukos (Greek) - White, clear
    • Dys (Greek) - Bad, Ill, Abnormal, Evil
    • Trophe (Greek) - Food, Nourishment
  • Autosomal recessive condition due to defective arylsulfatase
  • Results in accumulation of cerebroside sulfate causing central and peripheral demyelination
  • With ataxia and dementia
  • Muscular dystrophy

    Group of muscular disorders in which dystrophin, the protein that anchors sarcomeres to the cell membrane, is damaged. "Muscles" show "poor" "nourishment".

    • Musculus (Latin) - Little mouse [the shape and movement of some muscles were thought to resemble mice]
    • Dys (Greek) - Bad, Ill, Abnormal, Evil
    • Trophe (Greek) - Food, Nourishment
  • Gower maneuver
  • Pseudohypertrophy
  • Fatty calf muscle
  • Longest known human gene
  • Myelodysplastic syndrome

    "Improper" "forming" of blood cells associated "with" hypercellular bone "marrow" and pancytopenia.

    • Myelos (Greek) - Marrow, the brain
    • Dys (Greek) - Bad, Ill, Abnormal, Evil
    • Plasis (Greek) - Molding, Formation
    • Syn (Greek) - With, together
    • Droma (Greek) - Running, A Course
  • Associated with preexisting dysplasia, such as radiation treatment or chemotherapy
  • Can progress to AML
  • Robin Roberts developed myelodysplastic syndrome after her treatment for breast cancer
  • Osteodystrophy

    "Abnormal" growth of "bones" usually due to poor "nourishment" to the bones due to renal disease.

    • Osteon (Greek) - Bone
    • Dys (Greek) - Bad, Ill, Abnormal, Evil
    • Trophe (Greek) - Food, Nourishment
  • Usually due to renal diseases or imbalances of calcium or phosphorus
  • Paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea

    A "sudden onset" of "bad" "breathing" occurring at "night."

    • Paroxysmos (Greek) - Sudden attack, convulsion
    • Nocturnus (Latin) - Of the night
    • Dys (Greek) - Bad, Ill, Abnormal, Evil
    • Pnoia (Greek) - Breath
  • Recurrent shortness of breath and coughing usually occurring at night
  • Caused by collapse of pharyngeal muscles. Major risk factor is obesity
  • Peripheral lipodystrophy (side effect of protease inhibitors used as ant

    A condition in which there is "bad" "nourishment" of the "fat" "around the body" including the limbs of the upper trunk and face, causing fat wasting.

    • Peripheria (Greek) - Circumference, outer surface, line round a circular body
    • Lipos (Greek) - Fat
    • Dys (Greek) - Bad, Ill, Abnormal, Evil
    • Trophe (Greek) - Food, Nourishment
  • Commonly presents with fat loss in the face, arms, legs, and lower back
  • Also commonly presents with fat accumulation in the upper back (the socalled "buffalo hump")
  • Primary Ciliary Dyskinesia

    A disorder in which the "eyelash"like cells display "abnormal" "movement"; the "first/main" reason is a problem with the cell itself

    • Primarius (Latin) - First
    • Ciliaris (Latin) - Pertaining to Eyelashes, upper eyelid
    • Arius (Latin) - Connected with
    • Dys (Greek) - Bad, Ill, Abnormal, Evil
    • Kinein (Greek) - Motion, to move
  • Rare, autosomal recessive
  • Respiratory tract, fallopian tube and sperm affected
  • Individuals are infertile
  • With Situs Inversus=Kartagener's Syndrome
  • Renal osteodystrophy

    "Bad or abnormal" "nourishment" of the "bones" caused by chronic "kidney" disease

    • Renes (Latin) - Kidneys
    • Osteon (Greek) - Bone
    • Dys (Greek) - Bad, Ill, Abnormal, Evil
    • Trophe (Greek) - Food, Nourishment
  • Chronic kidney disease leads to decreased secretion of phosphate, which activates PTH which leads to bone resorption by osteoclasts
  • Also known as chronic kidney disease mineral and bone disorder
  • Salmonella Dysenteriae

    A gram negative non motile bacteria that infects the GI tract and causes bloody diarrhea, or "abnormal intestines"

    • Salmonella - Med for veterry surgeon Daniel Salmon
    • Dys (Greek) - Bad, Ill, Abnormal, Evil
    • Intera (Greek) - Bowell, intestines
  • A common cause of bloody stool or diarrhea
  • Named for the scientists who described it, this bug causes dysentery, or bloody diarrhea, hence the name, 'bad bowels'.
  • Tardive dyskinesia

    A condition brought on by antipsychotic use characterized by "slow" "abnormal" "movements", especially of the face and lips.

    • Tardus (Latin) - Slow, Late
    • Dys (Greek) - Bad, Ill, Abnormal, Evil
    • Kinein (Greek) - Motion, to move
  • Atypical antipsychotics are less likely to cause tardive dyskinesia in comparison to typical antipsychotics
  • Irreversible
  • MEDYMOLOGY