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Cillin (English) - Medication Naming Convention
9 terms share this root
(Benzathine) Penicillin G/V

Beta-lactam antibiotic

  • Cillin (English) - Medication Naming Convention
  • Non beta-lactamase producing gram positive cocci (pneumococci, staphylococci, streptococci), few gram negative cocci, gram postive bacilli, anerobes (Clostridium perfringens), and spirochetes( Treponema pallidum)
  • Inhibit the formation of peptidoglycan crosslinks in the bacterial cell wall by binding to enzyme transpeptidase (also known as penicillinbinding proteins (PBP)), thereby creating an imbalance in cell wall production and degradation, causing the cell to rapidly die
  • Requires IV or IM administration due to its sensitivity to stomach acid
  • Methicillin

    Beta-lactam antibiotic

    • Cillin (English) - Medication Naming Convention
  • Previously used to treat infections causes by gram + bacteria including staphlococcus aureus but largely replaced by vancomycin today due to the development of resistant organisms (MRSA).
  • Inhibit the formation of peptidoglycan crosslinks in the bacterial cell wall by binding to enzyme transpeptidase (also known as penicillinbinding proteins (PBP)), there by creating an imbalance in cell wall production and degradation, causing the cell to rapidly die.
  • Ticarcillin

    Beta-lactam antibiotic

    • Cillin (English) - Medication Naming Convention
  • Treatment of gram negative bacteria, expecially pseudonomas aeruginosa
  • Inhibit the formation of peptidoglycan crosslinks in the bacterial cell wall by binding to enzyme transpeptidase (also known as penicillinbinding proteins (PBP)), there by creating an imbalance in cell wall production and degradation, causing the cell to rapidly die.
  • Piperacillin

    Beta-lactam antibiotic

    • Cillin (English) - Medication Naming Convention
  • Extendedspectrum betalactam antibiotic used against pseudonomas aeruginosa
  • Normally used with a betalactamase ihnhibitor ( piperacillin/tazobactam)
  • Inhibit the formation of peptidoglycan crosslinks in the bacterial cell wall by binding to enzyme transpeptidase (also known as penicillinbinding proteins (PBP)), there by creating an imbalance in cell wall production and degradation, causing the cell to rapidly die.
  • Oxacillin

    Penicillin antibiotic

    • Cillin (English) - Medication Naming Convention
  • Penicillin resistant Staphlococcus aureus, similar to methicillin
  • First line tx for staph edocarditis in patients without artificial heart valves.
  • Peniciliseresistant Blactam, inhibit the formation of peptidoglycan crosslinks in the bacterial cell wall by binding to enzyme transpeptidase (also known as penicillinbinding proteins (PBP)), there by creating an imbalance in cell wall production and degradation, causing the cell to rapidly die
  • Nafcillin

    Penicillin antibiotic

    • Cillin (English) - Medication Naming Convention
  • Infections causes by penicillin resistant Staphlococcus aureus and other resistant gram positive bacteria (not including MRSA), clinically equivilant to oxacillin
  • First line tx for staph edocarditis in patients without artificial heart valves.
  • Peniciliseresistant Blactam, inhibit the formation of peptidoglycan crosslinks in the bacterial cell wall by binding to enzyme transpeptidase (also known as penicillinbinding proteins (PBP)), there by creating an imbalance in cell wall production and degradation, causing the cell to rapidly die
  • Dicloxacillin

    Penicillin antibiotic

    • Cillin (English) - Medication Naming Convention
  • Skin infections and cellulitis causes by beta-lactamase producing Staphyloccus aureus, pneumonia, osteomyelitis, endocarditis
  • Similar to flucloxacillin
  • Inhibit the formation of peptidoglycan crosslinks in the bacterial cell wall by binding to enzyme transpeptidase (also known as penicillinbinding proteins (PBP)), there by creating an imbalance in cell wall production and degradation, causing the cell to rapidly die.
  • Amoxicillin

    Penicillin antibiotic

    • Cillin (English) - Medication Naming Convention
  • Acute otitis media, streptococcal pharyngitis, pneumonia, skin infections, uriry tract infections, salmonella, lyme disease, and chlamydia
  • Inhibit the formation of peptidoglycan crosslinks in the bacterial cell wall by binding to enzyme transpeptidase (also known as penicillinbinding proteins (PBP)), there by creating an imbalance in cell wall production and degradation, causing the cell to rapidly die
  • Often given with clavulanic acid, a Blactamase inhibitor, to reducing its susceptibility to degradation to Blactamases.
  • Ampicillin

    Penicillin antibiotic

    • Cillin (English) - Medication Naming Convention
  • Gram postive bacteria: Streptococcus pneumonia, Strep pyogens, Staph aureus. Gram negative bacteria: Neisseria meningitidis, Haemophilus influenza, and Enterobacteriaceae.
  • Irreversible inhibitor of transpeptidase, which bacteria need to make cell walls.
  • MEDYMOLOGY