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Caput (Latin) - Head
13 terms share this root
Biceps brachii

"Two""headed" muscle of the "arm" that flexes the elbow and supports the forearm.

  • Popeye sign due to tears in the muscle
  • Innervated by musculocutaneous nerve (C5, C6)
  • Capitate bone

    Largest "bone" in the wrist whose proximal end forms a smooth, round "head"like surface

    • Caput (Latin) - Head
    • Ban (Old English) - Bone, tusk
  • It is located lateral to the hamate and medial to the trapezoid

  • Mnemonics
    So Long To Pinky, Here Comes The Thumb
    The bones of the wrist
    Scaphoid, Lunate, Triqutrim, Pisiform, Hamate, Capitate, Trapezoid, Trapezium
    Caput medusae

    Distended and engorged paraumbilical veins that radiate from the bellybutton and resemble the "head" of "Medusa", the Gorgon with skis for hair.

    • Caput (Latin) - Head
    • Medousa (Greek) - Reference to Medusa, guardian
  • Commonly associated with portal hypertension and in alcoholics
  • Gets its name from the apparent similarity to Medusa's head

  • Medytoons
    Caput succedaneum

    A condition in newborns in which parts of the "head" are "replaced with" blood.

    • Caput (Latin) - Head
    • Succedaneus (Latin) - Replaced with, acting as a replacement, to succeed
  • A nonthreatening transiet malformation of the babies head
  • Often times occurs secondary to a vacuum or clamps being used for retrieval
  • Contrast this with cephalohematoma, in which the bleeding does not cross the suture lines.
  • Fibromuscular cap

    A "head" on an atherosclerotic plaque composed of "muscle" and "small filaments".

    • Fibra (Latin) - A fiber, filament, entrail
    • Mus (Greek) - Muscle, mouse
    • Caput (Latin) - Head
  • Stabilizes established atherosclerotic plaques
  • Damage may cause rupture and thrombosis
  • Obliquus capitis inferior

    A pair of "slanted" muscles found "below" the "head," which connect the spinous process of the axis (C2) to the transverse process of the atlas (C1).

  • Functions in head positioning
  • Not attached to the cranium
  • Obliquus capitis superior

    A pair of "slanted" muscles that connect the atlas (C1) to the base of the "head." It courses "above" neighboring muscles to attach to the occipital bone.

    • Obliquus (Latin) - Slanted, sideways
    • Caput (Latin) - Head
    • Super (Latin) - In excess, above, Beyond
  • Functions in head positioning
  • Rectus capitus anterior

    The "straight" muscle "before" or located in the front of the "head".

  • Minor muscle
  • Flexion of neck and head, supplied by C1/C2. Found at basic of occipital bone
  • Rectus capitus lateralis

    The "straight" muscle to "the side" of the "head".

  • Minor muscle
  • Weak lateral flexion of head. C1/C2 nerve innervation
  • Rectus capitus posterior major

    The "greater" or bigger of the pair of "straight" muscles "behind" the "head".

    • Rectus (Latin) - Straight
    • Caput (Latin) - Head
    • Post (Latin) - Behind, afterward
    • Magnus (Latin) - Great in size, Greater
  • Minor muscle
  • Postural muscle
  • Weak lateral flexion of head
  • C1/C2 nerve innervation
  • Rectus capitus posterior minor

    The "lesser" or smaller of the pair of "straight" muscles "behind" the "head".

    • Rectus (Latin) - Straight
    • Caput (Latin) - Head
    • Post (Latin) - Behind, afterward
    • Meion (Greek) - To lessen, lesser
  • Minor muscle
  • Postural muscle
  • Weak lateral flexion of head
  • C1/C2 nerve innervation
  • Splenius capitis

    A "bandage"like muscle which is attached to the head

  • A muscle in the back of the neck that pulls on the base of the skull from the vertebrae in the neck and upper thorax.
  • Innervated by the posterior ramus of C3 and C4
  • Extend
  • Rotate, and laterally flex the head
  • Triceps

    The muscle on the back of the arm that has "three" "heads".

  • The triceps are responsible for extension at the elbow joint, which results in straightening of the arm
  • The three heads are the medial, lateral and long
  • The triceps reflex travels through the C7 nerve root
  • Innervated by the radial nerve