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Ban (Old English) - Bone, tusk
28 terms share this root
Aneurysmal bone cyst

Benign tumorlike osteolytic bone lesion that "dilates" and consists of blood filled spaces with bone trabeculae or osteoid tissue and osteoclasts. Not lined by epithelium

  • May cause pain due to bone fracture, can be presented as a palpable lump or restricted movement. Primarily seen in children and adolescents.
  • A closed sac of blood and osseous tissue present inside bone
  • Bone marrow defect

    “Bone” “marrow” that has been “done” “away” or “made” “off” or abnormal

    • Ban (Old English) - Bone, tusk
    • Mearg (Old English) - Marrow
    • De (Latin) - Away, Off, Down
    • Facere (Latin) - To do, To make
  • May be detected by dental radiographs
  • Common in extraction sites
  • May be indicative of metastatic disease
  • Capitate bone

    Largest "bone" in the wrist whose proximal end forms a smooth, round "head"like surface

    • Caput (Latin) - Head
    • Ban (Old English) - Bone, tusk
  • It is located lateral to the hamate and medial to the trapezoid

  • Mnemonics
    So Long To Pinky, Here Comes The Thumb
    The bones of the wrist
    Scaphoid, Lunate, Triqutrim, Pisiform, Hamate, Capitate, Trapezoid, Trapezium
    Cuboid bone

    A bone in the ankle joint med for its "cube" shape.

    • Kubos (Latin) - Cube
    • Ban (Old English) - Bone, tusk
  • Tarsal bone, cuboid syndrome
  • One of the seven tarsal bones of the foot, articulates with several other tarsal bones and has two muscles the flexor hallucis brevis and the tibialis posterior
  • Can be dislocated downward causing swelling along the central part of the lateral border of the foot
  • Ethmoid bone

    Skull "bone" located between the orbits that acts as a "sieve" to separate the sal cavity and brain

    • Ethmos (Greek) - A Sieve
    • Ban (Old English) - Bone, tusk
  • Forms sal concha
  • Contains ethmoid sinuses
  • Sinus infection may cross into CNS
  • Frontal bone

    The anterior "bone" of the cranium that covers the "forehead".

    • Frontalis (Latin) - Brow, forehead
    • Ban (Old English) - Bone, tusk
    Hamate bone

    A "hooklike" bone of the human wrist.

    • Hamus (Latin) - Hook
    • Ban (Old English) - Bone, tusk
  • Hook of hamate forms part of border of carpal tunnel and serves as the attachment site for the flexor carp ulnaris

  • Mnemonics
    So Long To Pinky, Here Comes The Thumb
    The bones of the wrist
    Scaphoid, Lunate, Triqutrim, Pisiform, Hamate, Capitate, Trapezoid, Trapezium
    Hyoid bone

    "Ushaped" "bone" located at the anterior midline of the neck between the chin and the thyroid cartilage

    • Hyoides (Greek) - Shaped like the letter u
    • Ban (Old English) - Bone, tusk
  • Site of attachment for muscles at the floor of the mouth, tongue, larynx, epiglottis, and pharynx
  • Necessary for speech and swallowing
  • Derived from the second and third pharyngeal arches
  • Unique in that it does not articulate with any other bone in the body. Its fracture or deformation is used in forensics to be indicative of strangulation
  • Intermediate cuneiform bone

    A tarsal bone that is shaped like a "wedge".

    • Inter (Latin) - Among, between, betwixt, in the midst of
    • Medius (Latin) - In the middle
    • Cuneus (Latin) - Wedge, WedShaped Stone, Area
    • Ban (Old English) - Bone, tusk
  • This particular bone articulates with the medial cuneiform, lateral cuneiform, navicular, and second metatarsal bones.
  • Also called "middle" cuneiform bone because it is located between the other 2 cuneiform bones.
  • Lacrimal bone

    This is the smallest and most fragile bone of the face, is situated at the front part of the medial wall of the orbit.

    • Lacrimare (Latin) - Weep, tear
    • Ban (Old English) - Bone, tusk
  • Lacrimal means "tears," which makes sense since this bone is situated close to the eye.
  • Lamellar bone

    This type of bone has a regular parallel ("plates") alignment of collagen into sheets and is mechanically strong.

    • Lamella (Latin) - Plate
    • Ban (Old English) - Bone, tusk
  • It appears in the fetus during the third trimester, is stronger than woven bone (which appears first) and filled with many collagen fibers parallel to other fibers in the same layer to handle tensile strength of bone.
  • Lateral cuneiform bone

    This "wedgeshaped" bone occupies the center of the front row of the tarsal bones, between the intermediate cuneiform medially, the cuboid "laterally, the navicular posteriorly and the third metatarsal in front.

    • Latus (Latin) - The side
    • Cuneus (Latin) - Wedge, WedShaped Stone, Area
    • Ban (Old English) - Bone, tusk
  • It is intermediate in size between the other two cuneiform bones of the foot.
  • Lunate bone

    A "crescent shaped" "bone."

    • Lunatus (Latin) - Crescent shaped
    • Ban (Old English) - Bone, tusk
  • Most frequently dislocated carpal bone, fragmentation may lead to avascular necrosis

  • Mnemonics
    So Long To Pinky, Here Comes The Thumb
    The bones of the wrist
    Scaphoid, Lunate, Triqutrim, Pisiform, Hamate, Capitate, Trapezoid, Trapezium
    Medial cuneiform bone

    The largest "area" cuneiform "bone" in the toe.

    • Medius (Latin) - In the middle
    • Cuneus (Latin) - Wedge, WedShaped Stone, Area
    • Ban (Old English) - Bone, tusk
  • Situated anterior the navicular bone and posterior to the base of the first metatarsal
  • Navicular bone

    One of the tarsal "bones" of the foot shaped like a "little ship".

    • Navicula (Latin) - Little ship
    • Ban (Old English) - Bone, tusk
  • Located between the cuneiforms and the talus
  • Occipital bone

    Bone that comprises the "back of the skull."

    • Occiput (Latin) - Back of the skull
    • Ban (Old English) - Bone, tusk
  • Foramen magnum
  • Contains bony attachments for connections to the neck
  • Osteoporosis Bone Marrow Defect

    A "condition" in which the "central part" of the "bone" looks "deserted" and filled with "pores"

    • Osteon (Greek) - Bone
    • Poros (Greek) - Pore, passage
    • Osis (Greek) - A condition, disease
    • Ban (Old English) - Bone, tusk
    • Marrow (Old English) - Inmost or central part
    • Deficere (Latin) - To Desert, Revolt, Fail
  • Found in the body of the mandible
  • Due to localized increase of hematopoietic bone marrow that creates a radiolucent radiographic defect
  • Especially common in extraction sites
  • Palatine bone

    Pair of "bones" of the "roof of the mouth."

    • Palatum (Greek) - Roof of the mouth, of the Palace
    • Ban (Old English) - Bone, tusk
  • Greater and lesser palatine foramen
  • Between maxilla and pterygoid process of sphenoid bone
  • Parietal bone

    A skull bone which forms the lateral "walls" of the cranium

    • Paries (Latin) - A wall
    • Ban (Old English) - Bone, tusk
  • External bones of the lateral surface of the skull
  • Pisiform bone

    A sesamoid "bone" found on the ulnar side of the wrist that is in the "form" of a "pear."

    • Pisum (Latin) - Pear
    • Forma (Latin) - Form
    • Ban (Old English) - Bone, tusk
  • Forms the ulnar border of carpal tunnel.

  • Mnemonics
    So Long To Pinky, Here Comes The Thumb
    The bones of the wrist
    Scaphoid, Lunate, Triqutrim, Pisiform, Hamate, Capitate, Trapezoid, Trapezium
    Scaphoid bone

    A "boatshaped" "bone" in the wrist

  • The largest carpal bone of the wrist that is the major attachment to the radius. Primary blood supply is from the radial artery.
  • Scaphoid fracture results in avascular necrosis
  • Scaphoid palpated at the base of atomical snuffbox
  • Fall from outstretched hand
  • Early text referred to it as the navicular bone of the wrist.

  • Mnemonics
    So Long To Pinky, Here Comes The Thumb
    The bones of the wrist
    Scaphoid, Lunate, Triqutrim, Pisiform, Hamate, Capitate, Trapezoid, Trapezium
    Sesamoid bones

    A "bone" "shaped like a sesame seed" embedded in a tendon, usually over a joint

    • Sesame (English) - Shaped like the seed
    • Ban (Old English) - Bone, tusk
  • Bones that are found within tendons of joints
  • Commonly known sesamoid bones include patella, pisiform of the wrist, and sesamoid bones of the foot and hands
  • Sesamoiditis is inflammation of the sesamoid bones, most commonly just behind the big toe on the bottom of the foot
  • Sphenoid bone

    A "wedge"shaped bone comprising the orbit that is located anteriorly to the temporal bone.

    • Sphen (Greek) - Wedge
    • Ban (Old English) - Bone, tusk
  • It is the attachment site for most of the muscles of mastication.
  • Temporal bone

    A "bone" of the skull that surrounds the lateral brain, consisting of the "temporal" lobes.

    • Temporalis (Latin) - Of a time, but for a time, pertaining to the temples.
    • Ban (Old English) - Bone, tusk
  • Contains the internal ear and tympanic ossicles
  • Trabecular bone

    Highly vascularized "small beams" of tissue that contain red blood cell "bone" marrow. Typically located on the inside of bone, underneath the cortical surface.

    • Trabecula (Greek) - Small beam
    • Ban (Old English) - Bone, tusk
  • More severely affected in osteoporosis type 1 than cortical bone
  • Where hematopoiesis occurs
  • Also known as spongy bone due to its resemblance to a sponge
  • Trapezoid bone

    The "four" sided "formed" "bone" of the wrist.

    • Trapezion (Latin) - A table or counter
    • Eidos (Greek) - Form, Resemblance or Shape, Likeness
    • Ban (Old English) - Bone, tusk
  • Wedgeshaped bone of the distal row of wrist bones, adjacent to the 2nd metacarpal
  • Med for its structure as having 4 sides

  • Mnemonics
    So Long To Pinky, Here Comes The Thumb
    The bones of the wrist
    Scaphoid, Lunate, Triqutrim, Pisiform, Hamate, Capitate, Trapezoid, Trapezium
    Triquetrum bone

    "Three cornered," triangular shaped "bone" of the medial or ul side of the wrist.

    • Triquetrus (Latin) - Three cornered
    • Ban (Old English) - Bone, tusk
  • Triangular shaped bone that is the third most commonly fractured wrist bone
  • Derived from Latin triquetrus, meaning threecornered

  • Mnemonics
    So Long To Pinky, Here Comes The Thumb
    The bones of the wrist
    Scaphoid, Lunate, Triqutrim, Pisiform, Hamate, Capitate, Trapezoid, Trapezium
    Zygomatic bone

    Bone "joined or yoked together" with the maxilla, sphenoid, frontal and temporal bone and makes facial cheek.

    • Zygotos (Greek) - Yolked together, Joint
    • Ban (Old English) - Bone, tusk
  • More commonly known as the cheek bone, its name comes from the fact that it joins together multiple bones in a single place.
  • MEDYMOLOGY