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Bakteria (Greek) - Staff, cane, Small stuff
8 terms share this root
Bacteremia

"Small stuff" in the "blood", mely bacteria.

  • Bacteremia occurs when source of infection has encroached the vascular space. Symptoms include fever, weight loss, tachycardia, etc. Treatment requires blood cultures, chest xrays, urinalysis, CSF analysis, and empiric antibiotic therapy.
  • Bacteriology

    The "study of" "small stuff", now more specifically referred to as bacteria.

    • Bakteria (Greek) - Staff, cane, Small stuff
    • Logy - Branch of knowledge, Study of
  • Literally meaning, the study of small stuff, derived from the idea that bacteria were very small organisms.
  • Campylobacter Jejuni

    "Bent" "small thing" that can be found infecting the part of the intestine that is empty when "fasting"

  • Gull wings is diagnostic, grows at 42 degrees, associated with Gillian Barre syndrome and reactive arthritis after infection, fecaloral transmission through po...Gram negative, oxidase positive, comma shaped bacteria that cause gastroenteritis and bloody diarrhea especially in children
  • Poultry, meat and unpasteurized milk
  • First described in 1886 in babies and was originally called cholera infantum indicating similar symptoms to cholera but in newborn children. It has since been associated with many foods including chicken and milk
  • Corynebacterium diphtheriae

    "Club"shaped "small stuff" whose pathology includes the formation of a "leather"like pseudomembrane in the throat.

  • Exotoxin inhibits protein synthesis via ADPribosylation, causes pseudomembranous pharyngitis, lymphadenopathy, myocarditis, and arrhythmias. Use the Elek test for toxin.
  • Enterobacter cloacae

    A "bacteria" of the "intestine" part of the normal gut flora.

    • Enteron (Greek) - Intestine, Small intestint, Piece of Gut, Bowel
    • Bakteria (Greek) - Staff, cane, Small stuff
    • Cluere (Latin) - Cleanse
  • Oxidase negative and catalase positive gram negative facultative aerobic rod that is a part of normal gut flora
  • Helicobacter Pylori

    A "spiraled" shaped "small thing" or bacteria named because it "wards" the "gate" between the stomach and small intestine.

    • Helix (Greek) - Spiral, coil
    • Bakteria (Greek) - Staff, cane, Small stuff
    • Pule (Latin) - Gate
    • Ouros (Greek) - Warder
  • Gram negative
  • Causes duodenal and gastric ulcers
  • Oxidase+
  • Catalase+
  • Urease+
  • Treat with triple or quadruple therapy
  • Two scientists proved that most stomach ulcers were caused by H. pylori and not by spicy foods or stress, as previously thought.

  • Mnemonics
    PUNCH
    Urease Positive Organisms
    Proteus, Ureaplasma, Nocardia, Cryptococccus, H. Pylori
    Mycobacterium Leprae

    "Bacteria" that can lead to "scaly" "mushroom" shaped growths on skin.

    • Mykes (Greek) - Fungus, mushroom, anything shaped like a mushroom
    • Bakteria (Greek) - Staff, cane, Small stuff
    • Lepros (Greek) - Scaly
  • Acid fast bacillus that likes cold temperatures and cannot be grown in vitro
  • Armadillos
  • Has two forms: lepromatous form, tuberculoid form
  • Glove and stocking loss of sensation
  • Mycobacterium Ulcerans

    A slowgrowing mycobacterium that causes lesions and "ulcers" in the skin.

    • Mukes (Greek) - Fungus, mushroom
    • Bakteria (Greek) - Staff, cane, Small stuff
    • Ulcus (Latin) - A sore, ulcer
  • Mycobacteria cell walls contain mycolic acid, and are all acidfast organisms.
  • The Myco prefix is used because the growth pattern resembles that of mold on a liquid surface
  • MEDYMOLOGY