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Auto (Greek) - Self, one's own
8 terms share this root

The process by which the body breaks down its own tissue, usually via digestive enzymes. The word comes from the Latin meaning to "assimilate food in the bowels" because the enzymes in the stomach and small intestines are normally responsible for breaking down food. Seen in acute pancreatitis in which the pancreatic enzymes are released into the abdomen cavity. This is life threatening.

  • Auto (Greek) - Self, one's own
  • Digestus (Latin) - Assimilate Food in Bowels
  • Seen in acute pancreatitis in which the pancreatic enzymes are released into the abdominal cavity. This is life threatening.
  • Autograft

    A transplantation of tissue from "one's own self" to themselves. The med graft comes from the original "stylus" instrument used to perform the transplants.

  • Graft: a piece of living tissue that is transplanted surgically
  • Autoimmune

    A process by which the system that keeps the body "exempt from disease" attacks "one's own self" or body.

    • Auto (Greek) - Self, one's own
    • Immunis (Latin) - Free, exempt
  • Examples of Autoimmune diseases: Celiac disease, diabetes mellitus type 1, Sarcoidosis, systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), Sjögren's syndrome, ChurgStrauss Syndrome, Hashimoto's thyroiditis, Graves' disease, idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura, Addison's Disease, rheumatoid arthritis (RA), polymyositis (PM), and Dermatomyositis (DM)
  • Autoimmune hemolytic anemia

    The process by which "one's own" immune system "loosens" or destroys "one's own" red "blood" cells. This leads to the individual having decreased circulating red "blood" cells.

    • Auto (Greek) - Self, one's own
    • Immunis (Latin) - Free, exempt
    • Haima (Greek) - Blood
    • Lutikos (Greek) - Able to loosen
    • An (Greek) - Without, not
    • Haima (Greek) - Blood
  • Caused by two types of antibodies: Warm agglutinin (IgG) seen in SLE, CLL. Cold Agglutinin (IgM) seen in Mycoplasma pneumonia or infectious mononucleosis
  • Autonomic

    Involuntary or unconscious movements and bodily functions of "one's own self".

    • Auto (Greek) - Self, one's own
  • Part of the peripheral nervous system, divided into three main subsystems: the parasympathetic nervous system, sympathetic nervous system and the enteric nervous system
  • Autophagy

    The process by which a cell "eats" its "own self".

    • Auto (Greek) - Self, one's own
    • Phagein (Greek) - To eat, eater of
  • Cell degradation of unnecessary or dysfunctional cellular parts via lysosomes
  • Breakdown of cellular components promotes cellular survival during starvation by maintaining cellular energy levels
  • Autosomaldominant hyperIgE syndrome (Job syndrome)

    Immune disease due to a mutation in Th17 cell leading to impaired recruitment of neutrophils to sites of infection, allowing for opportunistic infections.

    • Auto (Greek) - Self, one's own
    • Soma (Greek) - Body
    • Domint (Latin) - Ruling
    • Hyper (Greek) - Over, beyond, excess
    • Immunis (Latin) - Free, exempt
    • Globus (Latin) - Sphere, globe
    • Syn (Greek) - With, together
    • Droma (Greek) - Running, A Course
  • Presentation: FATED: course Facies, noninflamed staphylococcal Abscess, retained primary Teeth, increased IgE, Dermatologic problems (eczema)
  • The disease is med after the biblical character Job, whose body was covered with boils by Satan
  • Autosplenectomy

    The process by which the "spleen" "cuts" its "own self" "out".

    • Auto (Greek) - Self, one's own
    • Splen (Greek) - The milt, spleen
    • Ek (Greek) - Out
    • Temnein (Greek) - To cut
  • Associated with increased risks of infection by encapsulated organisms
  • Occurs in Sickle Cell Anemia patients

  • MedyQuestion
    • A 6 year old boy is brought into the hospital by his mother because of acute onset left sided abdominal and flank pain, associated with vomiting. The patient on exam is found to be in the fetal position in pain, tachycardic to 110 and hypotensive to the 70s. On CBC with smear, the patient is found to have a hemoglobin of 7, from his baseline of 9, and sickled red cells can be appreciated on the peripheral smear. What is causing the patient’s current problem?

    USMLE Step 1