Term Successfully Added to Selected Deck
Unable to Add the term to selected Deck. Please try again later!
Arthron (Greek) - Pertaining to the Joint
12 terms share this root
Arthralgia

"Joint" "pain".

  • Arthron (Greek) - Pertaining to the Joint
  • Algein (Greek) - To feel pain
  • Can be results of injury, infection, illnesses (arthritis) or an allergic reaction to medication
  • Commonly seen in Lyme Disease and the Flu

  • Medytoons
    Diarthrosis

    A "joint" which fastens "two" bones and allows for free mobility.

    • Di (Greek) - Two, Double, Twice
    • Arthron (Greek) - Pertaining to the Joint
    • Osis (Greek) - A condition, disease
  • Freely movable joint (or synovial joint)
  • Examples include the knee and elbow joint.
  • Dysarthria

    The inability to speak due to "bad" "joints" and muscles involved in moving the mouth.

    • Dys (Greek) - Bad, Ill, Abnormal, Evil
    • Arthron (Greek) - Pertaining to the Joint
    Ginglymoarthrodial articulation

    A "joint" with "hinging" and sliding movement

  • The Temporomandibular Joint (TMJ) is considered ginglymoarthrodial
  • The condyle of the mandible articulates with the temporal bone in the mandibular fossa in a ginglymoarthrodial fashion
  • Hemarthrosis

    "Bleeding" in the "joints".

    • Haima (Greek) - Blood
    • Arthron (Greek) - Pertaining to the Joint
    • Osis (Greek) - A condition, disease
  • Associated with hemophilia, scurvy, and CrimeanCongo Fever
  • Hypertrophic osteoarthropathy

    A "disease" which causes "over" "nourishment" and enlargement of the "joints" and "bones".

    • Hyper (Greek) - Over, beyond, excess
    • Trophe (Greek) - Food, Nourishment
    • Osteon (Greek) - Bone
    • Arthron (Greek) - Pertaining to the Joint
    • Pathos (Greek) - Suffering, disease, feeling
  • A syndrome of clubbing of the digits, periostitis of the long (tubular) bones, and arthritis
  • Hippocrates first described digital clubbing 2500 years ago, hence the use of the term Hippocratic fingers
  • Migratory polyarthritis

    "Moving" "inflammation" of "multiple" "joints".

    • Migrare (Latin) - To move from one place to another
    • Polloi (Greek) - Many
    • Arthron (Greek) - Pertaining to the Joint
    • Itis (Greek) - Inflammation, pertaining to disease
  • Crohn's disease
  • Osteoarthritis

    Degenerative arthritis of the "bones" and "joints."

  • Worsens with movement and use of joints
  • Joint growing
  • Osteophytes
  • Eburnation

  • Mnemonics
    LOSS
    Osteoarthritis: x-ray signs
    Loss of joint space, Osteopyhtes, Subcondral sclerosis, Subchondral cysts
    LOSS of bone in osteoarthritis
    X-ray findings of osteoarthritis
    Loss of joint space, Osteophyte formation, Subchondral sclerosis, Subchondral cysts
    Psoriatic arthiritis

    "Inflammation" of "joints" associated with a disease of being "itchy".

    • Psoriasis (Greek) - To be itchy
    • Arthron (Greek) - Pertaining to the Joint
    • Itis (Greek) - Inflammation, pertaining to disease
  • HLAB27 association, Seronegative spondyloarthropathy
  • Reactive arthritis

    "Inflammation" "pertaining to joints" due to autoimmune crossreactivity

    • Arthron (Greek) - Pertaining to the Joint
    • Itis (Greek) - Inflammation, pertaining to disease
  • Reactive arthritis is a HLAB27 associated condition
  • Infections with chlamydia, gonorrhea, shigella, and other bugs can result in reactive arthritis
  • Reiter's syndrome is the triad of large joint arthritis, conjunctivitis, and urethritis/cervicitis
  • Described during WW1 by soontobe zi physician Hans Reiter. Used to be called Reiter syndrome, but the me was changed because of Reiter's connection to Nazism.
  • Rheumatoid arthiritis

    An autoimmune condition that affects the "joints", reducing their ability to move or "flow" past one another.

    • Rheum (Greek) - Discharge from the body, flux; a stream, current, flood, a flowing
    • Eidos (Greek) - Form, Resemblance or Shape, Likeness
    • Arthron (Greek) - Pertaining to the Joint
  • Type III and IV hypersensitivity
  • Bouchard nodules
  • More common in females
  • Morning stiffness that gets better throughout the day
  • HLADR4
  • Synarthrosis

    A "joint" which is "joined" together and virtually immobile.

    • Syn (Greek) - With, together
    • Arthron (Greek) - Pertaining to the Joint
    • Osis (Greek) - A condition, disease
  • Immovably fixed joined between bones by fibrous tissue
  • MEDYMOLOGY