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Angeion (Greek) - A vessel, receptacle
26 terms share this root
Angiodysplasia

A "bad or ill" "formation" of "blood vessels".

  • Angeion (Greek) - A vessel, receptacle
  • Dys (Greek) - Bad, Ill, Abnormal, Evil
  • Plasis (Greek) - Molding, Formation
  • Commonly occurs in the early parts of the large intestines
  • Common cause of GI bleeds leading to anemia especially in older adults
  • Thought to occur as a result of constant straining and contraction of the colon to move food along the GI tract leading to small pockets of blood backup within parts of the tract
  • Resemble telangiectasia.
  • Angiofibroma

    Small "masses or growths" composed of "blood vessels" and "a fiber"ous material.

    • Angeion (Greek) - A vessel, receptacle
    • Fibra (Latin) - A fiber, filament, entrail
    • Oma (Greek) - Morbid growth, mass, tumor
  • Small skin colored papules present on the nose and cheeks.
  • Composed of fibrous tissue.
  • Angiogenesis

    The process by which "blood vessels" are "born or produced".

    • Angeion (Greek) - A vessel, receptacle
    • Genes (Greek) - Born of, produced by; origin or source
  • Stimulated by a number of factors including but not limited to VEGF, FGF, and Ang1 and 2
  • Tumors utilize the process of angiogenesis in order to supply themselves with more blood.
  • Angiogenesis occurs in response to intense exercise. As the bodies demands for oxygen and blood increase with working out, the body adjusts by increasing blood vessel surface area to supply the various tissues with enough oxygen.
  • Angiomyolipoma

    A "mass or growth" made of "muscle", "fat" and "blood vessels".

    • Angeion (Greek) - A vessel, receptacle
    • Myo (Greek) - Muscle
    • Lipos (Greek) - Fat
    • Oma (Greek) - Morbid growth, mass, tumor
  • Most common benign tumor of the kidney
  • Associated heavily with Tuberous Sclerosis
  • Angioplasty

    The process by which a blood "vessel" is "reformed", often times referring to it being opened up.

    • Angeion (Greek) - A vessel, receptacle
    • Plasis (Greek) - Molding, Formation
  • A common procedure to restore blood flow in an obstructed artery, particularly the coronary arteries. A tube with a balloon is slid into the obstructed blood vessel, and the balloon is blown up to open or widen the opening in the vessel lumen.
  • Angiosarcoma

    A malignant "mass or growth" of "flesh", usually in the form of endothelial cells, and of "blood vessels".

    • Angeion (Greek) - A vessel, receptacle
    • Sarx (Latin) - Flesh, Meat
    • Oma (Greek) - Morbid growth, mass, tumor
  • Vinyl Chloride exposure leads to angiosarcoma of the liver and is often times fatal.
  • Due to their direct position within the blood vessel itself, this type of cancer leads to early metastasis beyond its original site of growth.
  • Angiotensin

    An organic molecule that causes an intense "stretch" or vasoconstriction of "blood vessels" in order to increase blood pressure.

  • The second step in the reninangiotensinaldosterone pathway that becomes activated when one is hypovolemic or has decreased blood pressure
  • A popular target for antihypertensive drugs
  • Ace inhibitors block the action of angiotensin converting enzyme, the enzyme responsible for turning angiotensin 1 into angiotensin 2 and completing the RAA cascade to decrease blood pressure
  • Ataxiatelangiectasia

    An inherited condition in which a person becomes "without" an "ordered" or balanced gait, and develops small "dilations" at "the end" of "blood vessels" within the skin.

    • A (Greek) - Not, Without
    • Taxis (Greek) - Arrangement, order
    • Telos (Greek) - The end
    • Angeion (Greek) - A vessel, receptacle
    • Ektasis (Greek) - A Stretching Out, Extension, Dilation
  • Presentation: triad f cerebellar defects, spider angiomas, IgA deficiency (repeated sinopulmonary infections)
  • Weak immune system leads to predisposition to infection and increased risk of cancer due to defective D repair system
  • Bacillary Angiomatosis

    A "disease" caused by the "stick"shaped Bartonella, in which blood "vessels" form "tumor"like masses in the skin and other organs.

    • Baculum (Latin) - Stick
    • Angeion (Greek) - A vessel, receptacle
    • Oma (Greek) - Morbid growth, mass, tumor
    • Osis (Greek) - A condition, disease
  • Caused by either Bartonella henselae or Bartonella quinti
  • Cavernous hemangioma

    Benign, slow growing "tumors" derived from dilated "blood" "vessels" causing "hollow spaces" filled with blood

    • Cavus (Latin) - Hollow, Space
    • Haima (Greek) - Blood
    • Angeion (Greek) - A vessel, receptacle
    • Oma (Greek) - Morbid growth, mass, tumor
  • Common in von HippelLandau disease
  • Biopsy contraindicated due to risk of hemorrhage
  • Coronary angioplasty

    Procedure to re"mold" the "crownlike" (coronary) "vessels" of the heart by expanding them.

  • The heart is provided oxygen by the coronary vessels
  • If they become occluded by atherosclerotic plaques it can lead to serious heart damage
  • This procedure stents open the coronary arteries in spite of the plaques building up
  • Try to lower cholesterol before this becomes necessary
  • Granulomatosis with polyangiitis

    "Seed"like "inflammation" of "multiple" "blood vessels".

    • Granum (Latin) - Grain, seed
    • Oma (Greek) - Morbid growth, mass, tumor
    • Polloi (Greek) - Many
    • Angeion (Greek) - A vessel, receptacle
    • Itis (Greek) - Inflammation, pertaining to disease
  • Affects the nasopharynx, lung, and kidneys
  • May be diagnosed by presence of PR3ANCA/cANCA
  • Triad of necrotizing vasculitis, necrotizing glomerulonephritis, and necrotizing granulomas in the lung
  • May present clinically with hemoptysis, hematuria, and saddlenose deformity
  • Originally known as Wegener's Granulomatosis, the me has been changed to granulomatosis with polyangiitis due to Wegener's Nazi past.
  • Hemangioblastoma

    CNS "tumor or mass" that originates from "budding" cells of "blood vessels".

    • Haima (Greek) - Blood
    • Angeion (Greek) - A vessel, receptacle
    • Blastos (Greek) - Germ, sprout, bud or budding, immature
    • Oma (Greek) - Morbid growth, mass, tumor
  • Associated with VHL syndrome
  • May produce EPO
  • Hemangioma

    A benign "tumor or mass" composed of "blood" "vessels".

    • Haima (Greek) - Blood
    • Angeion (Greek) - A vessel, receptacle
    • Oma (Greek) - Morbid growth, mass, tumor
  • Characterized as raised red lesions
  • Found on children's faces as strawberry hemangiomas
  • Regress spontaneously in children
  • Liver hemangiomas contraindicated for biopsy due to risk of hemorrhage
  • Associated with SturgeWeber syndrome and VHL syndrome
  • Literally Named blood vessel tumor
  • Hereditary angioedema

    "Inherited swelling" of blood "vessels."

    • Hereditatem (Latin) - Heirship, inheritance, condition of being an heir
    • Angeion (Greek) - A vessel, receptacle
    • Oidema (Greek) - Swelling
  • Characterized by severe swelling of the face, extremities, genitals, GI tract, and upper airways
  • Associated with C1 esterase inhibitor deficiency
  • Hereditary Hemorrhagic Telangeictasia/ OslerRenduWeber Disease

    Hereditary genetic disorder resulting in abnormal formation of blood vessels.

    • Hereditatem (Latin) - Heirship, inheritance, condition of being an heir
    • Haima (Greek) - Blood
    • Rhegnunai (Greek) - To bust forth
    • Telos (Greek) - The end
    • Angeion (Greek) - A vessel, receptacle
    • Ektasis (Greek) - A Stretching Out, Extension, Dilation
    Hereditary telangiectasia

    An "inherited" condition in which a person develops small "dilations" at the "end" of "blood vessels" often found on the skin that blanch with pressure.

    • Hereditatem (Latin) - Heirship, inheritance, condition of being an heir
    • Telos (Greek) - The end
    • Angeion (Greek) - A vessel, receptacle
    • Ektasis (Greek) - A Stretching Out, Extension, Dilation
  • An autosomal dominant genetic disorder that leads to abnormal blood vessel formation in the skin, mucous membranes, and often in organs such as the lungs, liver, and brain
  • Causes arteriovenous malformations
  • Symptoms include telangiectasia, hematuria, GI bleeding, and epistaxis
  • Leukocytoclastic Angiitis

    A condition in which the "white" blood "cells" "break" up blood "vessels", leading to "inflammation."

    • Leukos (Greek) - White, clear
    • Cytos (Greek) - Cell, A Hollow, Receptacle, Vessel
    • Klastos (Greek) - Broken
    • Angeion (Greek) - A vessel, receptacle
    • Itis (Greek) - Inflammation, pertaining to disease
  • Smallvessel vasculitis
  • Presents as palpable purpura
  • Lymphangiosarcoma

    A "tumor" in the "flesh" of the "clear water" "vessels."

    • Lympha (Latin) - Water, clear water, a goddess of water
    • Angeion (Greek) - A vessel, receptacle
    • Sarx (Latin) - Flesh, Meat
    • Oma (Greek) - Morbid growth, mass, tumor
    Macroangiopathic anemia

    To be "without" "blood" due to damaged RBCs in systemic circulation due to "large" amounts of force in small "vessels".

    • Makros (Greek) - Large, large to scale
    • Angeion (Greek) - A vessel, receptacle
    • Pathos (Greek) - Suffering, disease, feeling
    • An (Greek) - Without, not
    • Haima (Greek) - Blood
  • Mechanical heart valves, calcified or stenotic heart valves, schistocyte (helmet cells)
  • Mesangial cells

    Support "vessel" "cells" in "middle" of kidney that hold the glomerular capillaries in place.

    • Mesos (Greek) - Middle, in the middle, in between
    • Angeion (Greek) - A vessel, receptacle
    • Cytos (Greek) - Cell, A Hollow, Receptacle, Vessel
  • Membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis
  • During glomerulonephritis, crescent formation can force the glomerulus and mesangium to the periphery. These crescents are composed of fibrin and macrophages.
  • Microangiopathic anemia

    "Abnormal" "small" red "blood" cell "suffering" damage when passing through obstructed or arrowed vessel lumina, prosthetic heart valves, or aortic stenosis.

    • Mikros (Greek) - Small, little, petty, trivial, slight
    • Angeion (Greek) - A vessel, receptacle
    • Pathic (Greek) - Suffering, remaining passive
    • An (Greek) - Without, not
    • Haima (Greek) - Blood
  • Involves schistocyte, hemolysis
  • Microscopic polyangiitis

    Necrotizing "inflammation" of "many" "small" blood "vessels" commonly involving lung, kidneys, and skin with pauciimmune glomerulonephritis and palpable purpura.

    • Mikros (Greek) - Small, little, petty, trivial, slight
    • Skopein (Greek) - To look, see
    • Polloi (Greek) - Many
    • Angeion (Greek) - A vessel, receptacle
    • Itis (Greek) - Inflammation, pertaining to disease
  • Treat with cyclophosphamide
  • PANCA positive, No granulomas
  • Spider angioma

    A "growth" of superficial blood "vessels" resembling a spider or "spinner's" web

    • Spinder (Danish) - The spinner
    • Angeion (Greek) - A vessel, receptacle
    • Oma (Greek) - Morbid growth, mass, tumor
  • Superficial blood vessels that become swollen and look like red spider webs on the skin.
  • Often called spider telangiectasias and are commonly found in the face and extremities
  • Often associated with increased estrogen levels due to hormonal imbalances or liver failure
  • Associated with cirrhosis and elevated estrogen
  • Telangiectasia

    "Dilation" of the "ends" of blood "vessels"

    • Telos (Greek) - The end
    • Angeion (Greek) - A vessel, receptacle
    • Ektasis (Greek) - A Stretching Out, Extension, Dilation
  • Abnormal dilation of preexisting capillary vessels
  • Hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia is a hereditary form that may appear intraorally
  • AKA spider viens due to their appearence
  • These may sometimes look like arteries in the shape of 'spiders'
  • Thromboangiitis obliterans

    "Inflammation" of the "vessels" that affects smokers and is commonly known as Buerger's disease. Often results in "blood clots" and "wiping out" of the blood vessels.

    • Thrombos (Greek) - Clump of blood, clot of blood
    • Angeion (Greek) - A vessel, receptacle
    • Itis (Greek) - Inflammation, pertaining to disease
    • Obliterare (Latin) - Cause to disappear, blot out, erase
  • Associated with heavy smoking
  • Treatment is smoking cessation
  • Can lead to gangrene/autoamputation of digits
  • Associated with Raynaud phenomenon
  • King George VI of England suffered from thromboangiitis obliterans.
  • MEDYMOLOGY