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Acuere (Latin) - To Sharpen, sharply onset
10 terms share this root
Acute

To come to a point quickly or "to sharpen" when relating to the onset of something.

  • Acuere (Latin) - To Sharpen, sharply onset
Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis

A quickly onset "sharp" condition of "inflammation" "spread abroad" or all over the "marrow" of the "brain".

  • Acuere (Latin) - To Sharpen, sharply onset
  • Disseminatus (Latin) - To Spread Abroad
  • Enkephalos (Greek) - Brain, WIthin the Head
  • Myelos (Greek) - Marrow, the brain
  • Itis (Greek) - Inflammation, pertaining to disease
  • Commonly seen after an infection
  • Caused by autoimmune white matter demyelination
  • Symptoms include fever, headache, seizures, or coma 1 to 3 weeks after an infection
  • Treatment is corticosteroids
  • Acute intermittent porphyria

    A quickly onset "sharp" condition in which a person experiences starting and "ceasing" abdomen pain. As well, when left sitting out, the person's urine turns "purple"

  • Buildup of porphobilinogen and deltaaminolevulinic acid due to deficient enzyme porphobilinogen demise
  • Abdomen pain after drinking
  • Purple/maroon urine
  • Polyneuropathy
  • Psychiatric symptoms
  • Treatment is glucose and heme
  • Urine left to sit out becomes rapidly oxidized leading to the purple color, hence the origination of the me
  • Referenced in episodes of Scrubs, House, and CSI

  • Mnemonics
    The 5 P s of Intermittent Porphyria
    Acute intermittent porphyria: signs and symptoms
    Pain in the abdomen, Polyneuropathy, Psychological abnormalities, Pink urine, Precipitated by drugs (including barbiturates, oral contraceptives, and sulfa drugs)
    Acute lymphoblastic leukemia

    A "sharp" or quickly onset "mass" of "budding" or immature "white" blood cells in the "blood". The sharp onset does not refer to the time of onset, but the time within the cell development, in this case, even more immature cells.

    • Acuere (Latin) - To Sharpen, sharply onset
    • Lympha (Latin) - Water, clear water, a goddess of water
    • Blastos (Greek) - Germ, sprout, bud or budding, immature
    • Leukos (Greek) - White, clear
    • Haima (Greek) - Blood
  • Leukemia seen more in children under 15 that involves an overproductions of either B or T lymphoblast (>20 % in bone marrow)
  • TdT positive
  • BALL is CD10+, CD19+, CD20+
  • BALL requires prophylactic chemotherapy to the scrotum and CSF
  • TALL is CD10 and presents as a thymic mass in teenagers
  • Increased incidence in Down Syndrome
  • Can be seen with the Philadelphia chromosome mutation
  • Acute lymphonodular pharyngitis

    A "sharp" or fast onset of "inflammation" involving "knot"like spots and "watery" discharge in the “throat” and tonsillar area

    • Acuere (Latin) - To Sharpen, sharply onset
    • Lympha (Latin) - Water, clear water, a goddess of water
    • Nodulus (Latin) - A small knot
    • Pharynx (Greek) - Throat, windpipe
    • Itis (Greek) - Inflammation, pertaining to disease
  • Caused by Coxsackie A virus, especially in children
  • Other manifestations of infections include herpangina and hand, foot and mouth disease
  • Acute myelogenous leukemia (AML)

    A "sharp" or quickly onset cancer of "white" cells from the "marrow or pith" of the bones. The sharp onset does not refer to the time of onset, but the time within the cell development, in this case, even more immature cells.

    • Acuere (Latin) - To Sharpen, sharply onset
    • Myelos (Greek) - Marrow, the brain
    • Genes (Greek) - Born of, produced by; origin or source
    • Leukos (Greek) - White, clear
    • Haima (Greek) - Blood
  • MPO+
  • Auer rods
  • Acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) has t(15:17) translocation of retinoic acid receptor
  • Acute monocytic leukemia lacks MPO and affects the gums
  • Acute megakaryoblast leukemia lacks MPO and is associated with Down syndrome
  • Leukemia involving > 20% myeloid cells in the bone marrow
  • Rudolf Virchow described the WBC excess as leukemia, to mean white blood
  • Acute necrotizing gingivitis

    The "sharp" or quickly onset "death" of "gum" tissue.

    • Acuere (Latin) - To Sharpen, sharply onset
    • Nekros (Greek) - Dead body, Corpse, Death
    • Gingiva (Latin) - Gums
  • Aerobic infection, especially Fusobacterium
  • Gum bleeding, pain, and ulceration
  • Opportunistic infection
  • Also known as trench mouth because many soldiers developed it during WWI likely due to the poor conditions and stress
  • Acute respiratory distress syndrome

    A "sharp" or quickly onset "affliction" of "breathing in and out", usually due to alveolar damage.

    • Acuere (Latin) - To Sharpen, sharply onset
    • Respirare (Latin) - To breath in and out
    • Districtus (Latin) - Restraint, rrowness, Affliction
    • Syn (Greek) - With, together
    • Droma (Greek) - Running, A Course
  • Damage of alveolarcapillary interface leading to impaired gas exchange, often due to pneumonia, trauma, aspiration, or sepsis
  • Hyaline membranes in alveoli
  • Hypoxemia and cyanosis
  • Whiteout on CXR
  • Treat with PEEP ventilation
  • Acute tubular necrosis

    A "sharp" or quickly onset "death" of the "small pipes" within the kidney.

    • Acuere (Latin) - To Sharpen, sharply onset
    • Tubulus (Latin) - A small pipe
    • Nekros (Greek) - Dead body, Corpse, Death
  • Injury of the renal tubular epithelial cells, with dead cells clogging the tubules and resulting in obstruction
  • Brown casts
  • Failure to concentrate urine
  • Intrarenal azotemia
  • Causes include ischemia, aminoglycosides, heavy metals, myoglobinuria, ethylene glycol, contrast dye, and urate
  • Hyperacute

    A "sharp" change that happens "excessively" quickly, within minutes.

    • Hyper (Greek) - Over, beyond, excess
    • Acuere (Latin) - To Sharpen, sharply onset
  • Hyperacute transplant rejection type II hypersensitivity reaction that manifests as ischemia and necrosis of graft vessels
  • MEDYMOLOGY